convergence problem of three phase flow
hi,I'm blocked by the convergence problem of three phase flow. what i model is that oil,air and water flow through a pipe.
inlet:Cartesian Velocity Components>0,0,3m/s outlet: open,Static Pressure for Entrainment> >Relative Pressure = 1 [atm] domain: Reference Pressure = 1 [atm] BUOYANCY MODEL: Buoyancy ReferenceDensity=>oilreference air,waterdispersed oilcontinuous ihomogeneous model,no turbulence, MOMENTUM TRANSFER: Ishii Zuber i take the most Recommended Configurations of Boundary Conditions ,and the simplest fluid model,but it didn't convergence.Where is the problem?? eager to your responses!thank you 
Re: convergence problem of three phase flow
The most common reason for convergence failure is a poor mesh. Since you are modeling a pipe it should not be hard to get a good hexahedral mesh. Be sure to include small mesh cells near the wall. Even without turbulence, it is important to capture flow patterns near the wall because there is a steep velocity gradient compared to the bulk fluid.
If you are solving an energy equation as well, it is much harder to obtain convergence. 
Re: convergence problem of three phase flow
yes,the hexa mesh is good.And what do you mean that"include small mesh cells near the wall"?How can i modify it? And i have simulated waterair two phase flow with turbulence and momentum trasfer convergent.then i do the three phase desire for a convergence result with a simple model. Is there any other problem about my case ，or some advice？ thank you

Re: convergence problem of three phase flow
Does the threephase flow converge so hard??help

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