# 2d Heat transfer external flow

 Register Blogs Members List Search Today's Posts Mark Forums Read

 August 4, 2008, 20:47 2d Heat transfer external flow #1 Richard belcher Guest   Posts: n/a Im doing a study on a heated cylinder in a uniform cross flow situation ,and my wish is to calculate the avg nusselt number over the surface of the cylinder for various reynolds numbers. at the moment my results are out by by 40%ish percent from known correlations and my mesh is very refined around the cylinder (yplus 0.1-0.5)and has been checked by others. Cylinder is defined as fixed 40C temperature, SST and thermal energy models. 100 cycles per timestep What i dont understand is i believe all my expressions for calculating it are correct but i would appreciate if someone could cross check them for me as it is been a few days now troubleshooting this problem. here is my list of expressions , my approach is to find heat flux using CFX and use the convection eqn to find h. and then using that to calculate Nu (my diam = 19mm ,0.019m) It also requires i define Cp (or so it tells me) but i am unsure where i can input this , couldnt turn up anythign in help. Ts = areaAve(T)@cylinder q = areaAve(Wall Heat Flux)@cylinder h = q/(Ts-Tinf) Tinf = 298K (h*0.019[m])/(areaAve(Thermal Conductivity)@cylinder) and for defning outlet temperature(m.cp.deltaT) (((area()@inlet)*q)/(mdot*Specific Heat Capacity at Constant Pressure )) + Tinf Thanks alot,

 August 4, 2008, 21:42 Re: 2d Heat transfer external flow #2 Glenn Horrocks Guest   Posts: n/a Hi, I assume you have a fully validated model and things like timestep, mesh, physics are all OK. If you are in the laminar flow regime then hopefully you can get the heat transfer better than that. If you are turbulent the accuracy might be inherent in the correlations and no amount of model tweaking will get it right. Also, if turbulent then consider the turbulence transition model. It will make a big difference to the heat transfer is some regimes. Other comments: * Consider using the in-built h variable rather than calculating it yourself. * Consider using variable properties for the air (eg viscosity, k, Cp versus temperature) Glenn Horrocks

 November 23, 2020, 04:34 External flow over a cylinder to plot Nusselt number variation on cylinder surface at #3 New Member   Velmareddy Prudhwidhar Reddy Join Date: Nov 2020 Posts: 1 Rep Power: 0 Hi I am trying to validate my results. For validation, I have considered a Cylinder in external cross flow. Steady state problem. Dia of cylinder = 1m Inlet Velocity= 29.21m/sec Flow medium is air with Re= 2e6 Outlet pressure boundary Symmetry on either sides I have taken constant heat flux at cylinder wall surface with no slip condition=1000.. Y+ value <1 Activated both energy and turbulence models(k-w SST). Convergence is set to 10e-05 Plotting Surface Nusselt number is resulting in a large difference

 November 23, 2020, 16:47 #4 Super Moderator   Glenn Horrocks Join Date: Mar 2009 Location: Sydney, Australia Posts: 17,367 Rep Power: 139 __________________ Note: I do not answer CFD questions by PM. CFD questions should be posted on the forum.