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jayantha July 19, 2009 20:45

Server Rack in a room
Hi everybody.
I am trying to simulate airflow inside a room with following conditions
1. I have a rack of servers which have air inlets and air outlets. Air inlets draw cold air into the rack and air outlets dissipate hot air to the room.
2. The room has one air conditioner.

So far I have done the following in CFX.
I Created a room with air conditioner based on the HVAC simulation tutorial.
Next I imported the mesh for the rack separately created and tried a few options to define the air flow through the rack.
1. First thing I did was to define the rack in the solid domain as in another thread which tried to simulate humans inside a room. But with that option I cannot define the air flow through the rack because it doesn't allow to define inlets and outlets. Without defining air inlets and outlets, the simulation works fine.
2. Next thing I did was to define the rack in the fluid domain and define wall boundaries for outer surface. This case I can define air inlets and outlets. But the problem arises then I try to run the simulation. It ends with isolated fluid regions error.

Does anybody have a suggestion to get through here?

Thanks in advance.

ghorrocks July 20, 2009 02:14


Have you considered modelling the fans and heat source as a source point rather than inlets and outlet? This is the normal way of doing this type of thing. Read the documentation and search the forum for source terms.

Glenn Horrocks

jayantha July 20, 2009 02:25

Hi Glenn

I am new to this CFD modelling. I was thinking of modelling the heat dissipation as a radiation flux emitting from the rack outlet.

I will look into your point too.


ghorrocks July 20, 2009 18:43


Obviously you should model the heat fluxes as they physically exist. The heat load coming out of a computer in a rack will be convective, not radiative so if you use a radiative heat source you will get incorrect results.

Having said that, radiation may or may not be significant in general for your simulation. For HVAC flows it depends on the exact situation as to whether radiation is significant. You will have to work that out.

Glenn Horrocks

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