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messbalint October 27, 2010 18:50

Free surface flow deformed shape error
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We have a problem with the deformed shape of three dimensional free surface flow driven by surface tension. The intersection at the inlet is like a racetrack, the problem is at the curved section of it. It seems like a mesh problem, but we have tried many types of meshes (with and without O-Grid) and they didn’t work. We’ve tried these options: curvature underrelaxation factor, Laplacian volume fraction smoothing, volume fraction coupling, harmonic body force averaging and decreased timescale at volume fraction convergence control.
Time is running and we can't get closer to the solution, so please try to help us!

Thank you in advance for your help!

ghorrocks October 28, 2010 18:08

Surface tension flows are highly sensitive to mesh quality. You really need hex elements at as close to 1:1 aspect ratio as possible for any hope.

Is this a steady state or transient model? What are you modelling anyway?

messbalint October 29, 2010 06:51

Thank you for your reply Glenn!

We will simulate a liquid sheet injected from a nozzle into the atmosphere and the model you have seen in the pictures would be a simple case to get to know the behave of these kind of models. The models are steady state and we use homogeneous multiphase model. Both phases (air and water) are continuous. We are interested in the deformation of the sheet but not in its disintegration.
A model is running which results seems to be great, and from that I think the keys will be the aspect ratio (as you have said) and that the elements side must try to be parallel every place with the gas-liquid boarder-line. Do you think it could be right?

ghorrocks October 29, 2010 07:15

No, the important issue is to have all elements to be cubes or as close to it as possible. No need for alignment with the free surface.

Free surface models in steady state are very hard. I use CFX and Fluent for free surface models with surface tension and neither can handle steady state stuff. You really have to run everything transient, and just march it out to steady state. Time consuming, but it is the only way.

messbalint October 29, 2010 07:20

I will try! Thank you so much!

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