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Zaktatir October 18, 2011 04:58

Hello Guys,

I am trying to model droplet entrainment by gas from water film and the deposition of this droplets too.

My question is how to model the drag between water droplet and water film. I am applying the three- fluid model approach and using CFX. I found only stuff dealing with droplet interaction time and turbulent effects which are difficult to implement in to this commercial code.

Reentrainment (deposition) plays too a very important role: at this moment Entrainment is well solved but because my droplet s becoming bigger they move under the water film.

thx Rebecca

ghorrocks October 18, 2011 06:16

Can you show an image of what you are trying to do? I do not understand yet.

Zaktatir October 18, 2011 07:53

I am trying to model the onset of droplet entrainment in stratified wavy counter current flow.

Droplet deposition on the water film should be taken in to account.

I am defining: Air (continuous), Water (continuous) Water-Droplets (disperse)...

If my droplets become bigger or if i have a big amount of them they fall down and go under the water film (Several trial to increase physically the Deposition rate don't lead to better modeling)

I am doubting, if its due to the euler-euler approach because Water-Film phase as well as droplet-phase have the same density...

Thx Rebecca

ghorrocks October 18, 2011 17:01


My question is how to model the drag between water droplet and water film.
I do not understand this question. Why is there drag between the water droplet and the water film? I would have thought that if a water droplet touches a water film they would merge. So I do not see how drag is relevant.

Zaktatir October 19, 2011 02:21

In the Euler-Euler Approach i should define that drag coefficient between the phases even though the droplet merge to the water film. My problem again is i cannot model that merging (deposition ) phenomena very good. Still have droplets which tend to flow under the water film..


ghorrocks October 19, 2011 06:47

Oh I see, the drops and the continuous bit are different phases.

Not sure how you would do this, it is a tricky model. Just a thought - can you use particle tracking rather than the dispersed eularian phase?

Zaktatir October 19, 2011 07:28

Droplets are produced in the domain and are not introduced from a nozzle or something.. that s particle tracking is not welcome.... i thought about defining a relative density of the droplets (assuming that they have a middle density) in order to keep that merging problem out (e.g defining an artificial buoyancy force between the water phase and the droplet phase).


ghorrocks October 19, 2011 17:36

You can produce particles as needed here, you don't need nozzles or inlets.

But whether you do it by eularian or lagrangian approach you are going to have to do some development work to get it working. There is no simple approach to my knowledge.

juliom October 20, 2011 09:07

Wow I see it is a very complex simulation.
Are you using the Euler-Euler model (particle) model?
I think you might Use the MUSIG model, since you can work with different particles and diameter, and couple them via differente terms.!!

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