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Shivakanth March 11, 2008 02:16

Reference Values- Reference Area

I am relatively new to Fluent and bit confused over the reference values setting. As I followed the examples, sometimes they are considering projected area( ex:cylinder) normal to the flow and in some cases length of the object(ex: aerofoil). Could some one explain me the proper area to be selected?

Thanks, Shivakanth.

Syed Shabbar Raza March 11, 2008 03:40

Re: Reference Values- Reference Area
it really simple,

for example if you have to calculate the drag coefficient for a geometry, like flow passing a cylinder, in this case you have to specify its bases area for its reference area, if you remember the formula of drag coefficient, there is an area term present and this area term is taken as reference area in fluent.

same with length, when u have to calculate moment coefficient you have to specify it !!

hope u understand !!

Shivakanth March 11, 2008 14:57

Re: Reference Values- Reference Area
Hi Syed... Thanks. Just for confirmation, if a take a plate bent in the form of an arc, the arc length would be reference area(unit depth) and reference length right?

Thanks, Shivakanth.

Syed Shabbar Raza March 12, 2008 01:54

Re: Reference Values- Reference Area
dear, when ever u generate a report, always mention your reference condition becasue for certain gemotries like a sphere, it is understood to take its projected area as reference area, so therefore i advise u only to take standard refernce for an analysis,else where ever mention.

the question of reference parameters are stickly concerned with the geometry and type of problem, therefore do mention your reference condition in your report so other could understand it.

for fun, just take a problem concerning flow over a cylinder form any fluid mechanics book, solve it both analyticaly and computationally then u will have an idea of reference parameter

shivakanth March 12, 2008 02:07

Re: Reference Values- Reference Area
Hey Syed...

Thanx.. as u said, let me do some homework and get back to you.

hassan79 April 18, 2010 05:48

reference value
hi sir

could u plz told me about refence value i wana calclate surface nuselt no in expansion pipe( diffrent diameter ) with down strean what should i used for :

thank u

kamran651 December 1, 2011 14:18

Depends on your problem
Bro, it entirely depends on your problem..what you have taken temperature, length, and depth..

sajid December 13, 2012 16:30

area problem
1 Attachment(s)
i want to calculate area of circles which would be used in ansys fluent ....
it is 2d heat exchanger and i have problem how to calculate area of circle in front of flow or which area i have to put in reference value ..
i have confusion whether i have to use area of 2 or 4 circles ???
kindly tell me how to calculate this area or which area i have to put in reference value ??? i have attached the jpeg. file of structure to further explain it ?
waiting for answer...i will be very thankful to you.
what Reference values should I used in fluent to find the area as defaults values are 1 for area,depth and length.

arif1729 August 26, 2014 18:40

hey guys. i m new at cfd.i want to find the lift and drag,moment coefficint of an aircraft.but in case of reference value i have some problem.what should be the reference values for this.and what is this 'compute from'.
plz guys if anyone has any solution help me.

bia October 19, 2014 08:42

1 Attachment(s)
i have the same problem and really fed up :mad: :mad:
my geometry is : the computatinal box 400mm* 750 mm the diameter of the cylinder is D=15mm. Re =150 .velocity inlet = 0.1460735 .
the problem is how to set the reference values : when i set reference area = Pi*D (seen as a lateral area ) depth =1 and length = Pi *D/2
i found the average of drag coefficient 0.45 less than 1.34 (value found in litterature ) so i change length to 1 and depth to 3 (3 = 1.34/ 0.45 ) i found values recommended but why 3 ????????????????????

Oula October 2, 2015 09:03

Unavaileble reported araeas- FLUENT
Hello every one, I am working on simulating 2-D flow passing a circular cylinder. I got a problem with the reports> projected areas, it is not available on the screen and I can't get the parameters that I need which is the projected surface area. Can anyone help me with that?

Many Thanks

ama294 November 9, 2016 00:04

In the help manual it says

sets the reference area, which is used to compute the force and moment coefficients.

sets the reference length, which is used in the computation of the moment coefficient.

I think that is mean

Area = wing/cylinder area (chord*span/ diameter*height), and length = cylinder diameter/ wing chord.

Rana shaharyar June 6, 2017 00:18

how to take reference length and area for d wing

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