# modeling two-phase flow with VOF solver

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 March 8, 2010, 17:40 modeling two-phase flow with VOF solver #1 Member     Pranab N Jha Join Date: Nov 2009 Location: Houston, TX Posts: 86 Rep Power: 9 Hi guys, I am using VOF solver to model stratified/slug flow in a horizontal pipe. Here goes my model description: Dimensions: 3D, Pipe, 50 mm dia, 12.7 m length BC: inlet- velocity inlet BC: outlet- pressure outlet (atmospheric pressure) Phases: water-primary, air-secondary Unsteady case. I am specifying inlet velocity as 1 m/s for the mixture and volume fraction as 0.1. But I cannot specify the individual phase velocities. I need to plot pressure gradient vs. both phase velocities. How can I achieve this? Thanks, Pranab

 March 8, 2010, 21:01 #2 New Member   Join Date: Jun 2009 Posts: 8 Rep Power: 10 Hi Pranab, I think you are trying to DETERMINE 2-phase mixture pressure gradient as a function of air and water flow rates or equivalently superficial velocities of each phase? The VOF model solves one velocity field and a volume fraction to resolve the interface between the two phases. It is only applicable if you can resolve the details of the interface ie. simple interface structure. The boundary conditions for phi (phase fraction) should be 1 or zero NOT some mixture volume fraction. The boundary conditions for velocity therefore are the appropriate phase velocity in the regions where that phase exists. I think you should look at some tutorials or examples of applying the VOF model to horizontal pipe flows before you get too deep into this. Regards, Bak_Flow

 March 9, 2010, 00:16 #3 New Member   Ganapathy Iyer Join Date: Mar 2009 Location: Pune, Maharashtra, India Posts: 25 Rep Power: 10 VOF is a lesser model. It is used mainly to track the interface. IF you want to specify different velocities for the phases, use the E-E model.

 March 9, 2010, 11:15 #4 Member     Pranab N Jha Join Date: Nov 2009 Location: Houston, TX Posts: 86 Rep Power: 9 @Bak_Flow: Did not understand what you are saying. I already specified the volume fraction as I said. My problem is how to specify the superficial velocities of the two phases. As per you, I should specify the fraction as 1 or zero. But then will it not mean that the flow is a single phase not two-phase at all. Is there any way around it? @Ganapathy I am using VOF partly because I want to track the interface in slug flow. What I could understand from the userguide in Fluent was that VOF is the best way to model slug and stratified flow. I will look again at the EE model, but I think VOF is better.

 March 10, 2010, 00:53 #5 Member     Pranab N Jha Join Date: Nov 2009 Location: Houston, TX Posts: 86 Rep Power: 9 Hey Guys, I tried the mixture model too... but it asked me for the bubble diameter i think. I want to model stratified flow but I specified it as 10mm. I did not get convergence for continuity in a steady flow. Any suggestions?

 March 12, 2010, 00:20 #6 Senior Member   JSM Join Date: Mar 2009 Location: India Posts: 168 Rep Power: 13 Hi, For VOF model, only one phase should be applied in inlet i.e volume fraction should be 1 for any one phase at inlet. For slug flows, just divide the inlet into two parts and define air and water inlet separately. This may be looking like wrong approach. But it is good approximation and just extend the inlet to some length to develop the real flow phenomena correcly. Also patch some initial values for water and air inside the domain to avoid the convergence issue. __________________ With regards, JSM

 Tags two phase flow, vof

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