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How to decide time step size

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Old   September 6, 2010, 08:08
Default How to decide time step size
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Hi all,
In a unsteady simulation, one thing always confus me which is how to decide time step size and how many time steps is enough, hope someone can explain for me
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Old   September 6, 2010, 23:25
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Toby Cheung
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Hi Caohan,

Actually it does not have any requirement for the time step, yet I can share some exp. of myself to you.

1. base on the velocity equation: velocity = distance /time step
where the velocity is refered to the design velocity in your model; and the distance is the length between the inlet and the first contacted wall. So, it gives a rough reference for designing the time step.

2. Guess the time step first and modify it by experience (more trials within the same model). This saying seems rubbish .... I know ... yet it is always true. Jsut set a smaller iteration size first, and extend it after you confirm a suitable time step.

Gook luck to you,
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Old   September 8, 2010, 02:54
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Hi all,

Firt of all, sorry for my poor english.

For me, it depends on what phenomenon you want to see.
For exemple if you want the very low scale near the wall region, you have to use this :
it is still the same concept but here time step= syze of the smaller mesh (near the wall region)/Local velocity in this smaller mesh
For exemple, at this moment i'm using a time step of 0.0001s.

Concerning the convergence of the time of the time step you have to use this concept (i think):
For your first case you have to calculate for a hihgt time (such as 1s, or more it depends on your model) . For all iterations you plot a characteristic (pressure for exemple) on one representative point (or more) of your mesh.
Basically, if your mesh an turbulence model is good you will have a sine curve (pressure/time) less and less tall (difference between +/-). Concerning to your criterion, wou will able to say at this time step it is enough converge for me.

I hope it will help you,
Best regards,
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Old   September 8, 2010, 03:30
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Svetlin Filipov
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Time step must be lower then ratio of the minimum cell size and the expected velocity at that region. I am saying expected velocity because in general you may have reactions (for example combustion) ...
How many time steps? It depends on the total time you want to calculate
number of time steps=(total time)/(timestep) or something like this....
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