# Velocity gradient on Symmetry Boundary

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 September 1, 2011, 15:31 Velocity gradient on Symmetry Boundary #1 New Member   Keyma Join Date: Aug 2010 Posts: 16 Rep Power: 8 Sponsored Links Hi, I have a curved pipe with a half circular cross-section with a symmetry plane defined in the plane of the curvature. The y-direction is normal to the symmetry boundary and as expected the nodal values of the v-component of velocity are zero at the symmetry boundary. Strangely, the velocity gradient dv/dy does not equal to zero at the cell-center or nodal locations on the symmetry boundary. In addition, the pressure gradients are zero in the symmetry plane. Based on the description in the Fluent manual I expected the gradients d/dy to also be zero. Can someone please explain why the velocity gradients wouldn't be zero? Thanks

September 2, 2011, 02:52
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Amir
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Quote:
 Originally Posted by prikeyma Hi, I have a curved pipe with a half circular cross-section with a symmetry plane defined in the plane of the curvature. The y-direction is normal to the symmetry boundary and as expected the nodal values of the v-component of velocity are zero at the symmetry boundary. Strangely, the velocity gradient dv/dy does not equal to zero at the cell-center or nodal locations on the symmetry boundary. In addition, the pressure gradients are zero in the symmetry plane. Based on the description in the Fluent manual I expected the gradients d/dy to also be zero. Can someone please explain why the velocity gradients wouldn't be zero? Thanks
Hi,
I think that there is a problem in setting B.Cs; in curved pipes you have secondary flow as a result of centripetal acceleration and in such cases you cannot use symmetry B.Cs. Am I right?

Bests,
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Amir

 September 2, 2011, 06:16 #3 New Member   Keyma Join Date: Aug 2010 Posts: 16 Rep Power: 8 The secondary flow structure has been shown in the literature to be symmetric across the horizontal centerline (from the inner wall to the outer wall) of the pipe cross-section. This is why I used the symmetry plane along the horizontal centerline. The results show the expected secondary flow structure within the cross-section when I use the symmetry plane but the velocity gradients at the symmetry plane are not zero for some reason. Last edited by prikeyma; September 2, 2011 at 09:06.

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