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-   -   [DPM problem] infinite particles loop in domain (twin cyclone - double cyclone)) (https://www.cfd-online.com/Forums/fluent/94340-dpm-problem-infinite-particles-loop-domain-twin-cyclone-double-cyclone.html)

 ghost82 November 12, 2011 14:04

[DPM problem] infinite particles loop in domain (twin cyclone - double cyclone))

5 Attachment(s)
Good morning all,
I'm simulating a double cyclone system (twin cyclone), to separate a stream of particles (ash) from a fluegas.
The model consists of about 2.300.000 cells. Model is steady k-epsilon RNG with swirl dominated flow, no energy equation, incompressible gas. After about 4.000 iterations I stopped the simulations, residuals were all constant and under 10^-3 except continuity which was around 1*10^-2; however inlet and outlet mass flows were identical, and velocity and pressure profiles seem to be ok.

After that I enabled the DPM model to track my particles (steady) and to see the global efficiency.
So I set up multiple surface injections (at inlet) (I didn't use the Rosin-Rammler distribution) for each size of particles (I tried 5 - 15 - 82 and 2500 microns) and set the number of steps to an initial value of 200.000.
Outlet was setup as an escape boundary, dust collector (below cyclones) was setup as a trap boundary, all the other walls were setup as reflect (reflection condition --> normal -->constant=0,8, tangent-->constant=0,8).

However I saw a 100% incomplete path for all the injected sizes (except the 5 microns size), as you can see in the attached pictures (in picture I changed the injection type from surface to point).
I increased the number of steps till 5.000.000 but the results are the same: particles recirculate in the domain, without exiting or being trapped.
Pictures with tracked particles are all calculated with 1.000.000 steps.

What does this mean?It cannot be real an infinite loop of the particles.

Thank you for any replies

Daniele

 ghost82 November 14, 2011 08:48

Found my answer in article "NUMERICAL STUDY OF GAS-SOLID FLOW IN A CYCLONE SEPARATOR"

Quote:
 The particles with diameters of 2×10-6m and 7×10-6m can spin down to the conical section of cyclone and then should be collected while the bigger particles with diameter of 3×10-5m and 1×10-4m spin downward first and then keep spinning near the wall at a certain horizontal level. There is therefore a critical value to distinguish the flow pattern of particles of different diameters. If the particle diameter is larger than the critical value, the particle will keep a circular motion in the cone of cyclone. In contrast, if the particle diameter is less than this critical value, the particles will be collected directly or escape from the cyclone.[...] In the real industry, these bigger particles will be eventually collected due to their interactions with other particles.

 emka December 28, 2015 10:09

Quote:
 Originally Posted by ghost82 (Post 331999) Found my answer in article "NUMERICAL STUDY OF GAS-SOLID FLOW IN A CYCLONE SEPARATOR"
Hi Daniele
I am simulating a cement cyclone and faced with the same problem as you mentioned, that particles with diameter more than 50 micron keep spinning at a level of cyclone.
how can I reach a realistic result as the real cyclone in factory has 83 percent efficiency factor, but mine is less than 10% because most of the particles remain in cyclone.
Thanks for any reply and consideration.

 ghost82 December 28, 2015 10:13

Hi,
consider incomplete particles as trapped particles: as I wrote that particles will interact with other particles and they will probably spin down and collected.

 emka December 28, 2015 10:27

Quote:
 Originally Posted by ghost82 (Post 578824) Hi, consider incomplete particles as trapped particles: as I wrote that particles will interact with other particles and they will probably spin down and collected.