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Dilraj November 18, 2011 12:26

Heat Transfer Coefficient
Hi all,

I am running a simple analysis of turbulent forced convection (cooling flow over a plate at high temperature). Right now I am struggling to get the HTC to match with the relevant published correlations when using the mean film temperature for the properties. When I use the properties at inlet temperature the match is a lot better.

The method I am using to obtain the HTC is to run two analyses and use the difference of the wall heat flux from both divided by the wall temperature difference.

I expect a small error but I am about 50% out at the moment. I am using the low-Re SST turbulence model and have a y+ of 1. I am also reasonably confident that the solution has converged.

Any help on the matter would be useful. Thanks!


xrs333 November 20, 2011 07:14

Hi, Dilraj,
The ref. and qualitative temperature should be same as those used in published correlations, usually the bulk temperature, which is often close to inlet temperature, instead of film temperature should be used, some correlations use average temperature, arithmetical or logarithmic.

Dilraj November 21, 2011 04:54

Thanks for the reply xrs333,

I am using correlations that suggest the use of the mean film temp for the properties. However when I compare the numerical results to the published correlations there is a much better agreement with the correlation using properties at the bulk temperature.

Is there an error with the numerical simulation or is this inaccuracy to be expected?

xrs333 November 21, 2011 05:36

Sorry, I misunderstood the words 'mean film temperature', my English is so poor...
In heat transfer, the mean film temperature is defined as algebraic average of bulk temp and the wall temp.

sandeep_tu November 21, 2011 06:17


I didnīt exactly understood your problem other than you want to calculate the HTC. Normally in Fluent for HTC calculation it takes the reference temperature the value which you give in reference conditions panel.

Dilraj November 21, 2011 07:17

Thanks for the reply guys.

What I've done is I have extracted the total surface heat flux from the cfd analysis and used the Nusselt Number correlations available on this page

When I plot the curve for the correlation against the curve for the cfd analysis there is a significant difference.

I have evaluated properties at the inlet temperature.

I have tried changing the analysis type to compressible but it doesnt seem to make a huge amount of difference. Any other ideas?


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