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Convergence in Nat conv problem - simple geometry

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Old   April 11, 2012, 17:23
Default Convergence in Nat conv problem - simple geometry
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I am simulating natural (Rayleigh Benard convection) in a rectangular 2D cavity, heated at the bottom, colder at the top (~5K delta T), with a Rayleigh number of ~10e6. I cannot get convergence with the steady state solver for this Rayleigh number. I know that flow is laminar at this Ra from several books.

As suggested in earlier discussions I did a stepwise solve, by increasing g from 0.098 to 0.98 to 9.8 (to modify Rayleigh number) and using each solution as the initialization for the next. Things converge upto Ra~10e5. After that the residuals diverge/oscillate - the velocity and contunuity specially, with the net heat flux actually being lower for same delta T at higher rayleigh number (less convection)!!

Relaxation factors:
Momentum - 0.15
Energy - 0.5

Boussinesq model, Presto for pressure, SIMPLE scheme. I entered in starting density and thermal exp coeff. in the material model

Regular mesh with the rectangular area (25mm W, 15mm H) split into 40x100 cells.

What else can I do? I tried starting with a transient solution with a time step of 0.0006 s and 1000 iterations and going on to steady stater from there but same divergence issue. It looks like this is a very simple problem for fluent, why is it tricky?

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Old   April 19, 2012, 05:23
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Yogesh Patil
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Hi Indu,

Generally this type of problems are very tough to converge with steady state solver. You said that you also tried with transient solver. How did you calculate the time step?

What I can suggest you to use linear variation of density instead of boussinisque approximation. This is something strange as later is very simple to converge but give a try.

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