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Karman vortex street: boundary conditions for velocity, pressure 

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September 12, 2013, 17:07 
Karman vortex street: boundary conditions for velocity, pressure

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with incompressible NavierStokes, I'd like to build a PDE for Kármán's vortrex street and I wonder what consistent boundary conditions for the velocity u and the pressure p would be. While on the obstacle and the tube walls I'd employ noslipnopenetetration for u and free boundary conditions for p, i.e., u = 0, n.grad(p) = 0, (where n is the outer normal), the situation for the inlet and outlet are less clear to me. To force a inflow on the left, one could certainly use something along the lines of u = ((ytube_lower)*(tube_uppery)) (0.0 ) How about the pressure here, though? What about the outlet? 

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September 12, 2013, 17:21 

#2  
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Filippo Maria Denaro
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Quote:
For incompressible flows, the "pressure" is not a thermodinamic function but it enforces the divergencefree velocity field by means of the Poisson equation. Said that, BC.s for velocity and pressure can not be prescribed independently. If you fix the velocity, the pressure BC for the Poisson equation is constrained by the congruent Neumann condition. 

September 12, 2013, 17:40 

#3 
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That is my understanding as well.
If I see things correctly, I can use n.grad(p)=0 everywhere if n.u is specified everywhere, and in this case I have to make sure that \int_{boundary} n.u = 0 to have a consistent PDE.  That corresponds with the incompressibility assumption. In the case of Karman's vortex street, though, I don't want to prescribe n.u at the outlet. What is the consequence for the pressure boundary conditions? Will I have prescribe the pressure somewhere? 

September 13, 2013, 06:45 

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Filippo Maria Denaro
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outlet can be managed in terms of some freestream condition, e.g. n.grad (u) = 0. That leads to change the source term and the coefficients of the pressure matrix.
It is quite easy to find in literature papers about the outlet bcs. 

September 15, 2013, 15:05 

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I don't understand what you mean.
NavierStokes equations are the PDE which rule the Karman's vortex street as any flow!! Quote:
du/dt + ubarre du/dx =0 dv/dt + ubarre dv/dx =0 dp/dx=0 if you use SIMPLE like algorithm or projection method for velocitypressure coupling algorithm ubarre is the mean longitudinal velocity in the domain here d /dt or d/dx are the partial derivative. 

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boundary conditions, navier stokes, vortex street 
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