TRANSIENT SOLUTION CONVERGE
I will ask a simple question related transiet analysis. How can I understand a transiet solution is converged or not? Thanks already for your replies.

Re: TRANSIENT SOLUTION CONVERGE
Dear Mark,
A "transient solution" does not "converge" in the same sense as a "steadystate" soltuion. To terminate a transient problem, you would need to look at the response of suitable integrated coeffcients(eg. Cl or Cm for an airfoil) with time, and if they have achieved a periodicity with nearly constant amplitude then transient response is considered to be "converged" Hope this helps Regards, Ganesh 
Re: TRANSIENT SOLUTION CONVERGE
In the software CFDesign, we will see the last ten to twenty iterations in the convergence monitor. If the same pattern has been repeating and values are more or less similar, we will judge as converged.

Re: TRANSIENT SOLUTION CONVERGE
ganesh, that's useful only if there is a periodic solution.
I always thought the usage of the term "transient" is arbitrary. The real question is "how do I know that an unsteady solution is converged?", and the answer is: by observing convergence within each time step (in a dualtime approach) and by performing a temporal resolution study (decrease the time step and see if the solution changes significantly). 
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