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structured mesh for external aerodynamics

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Old   January 31, 2014, 23:29
Default structured mesh for external aerodynamics
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Ryan Lai
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hi.. im doing my final year project related to aerodynamic analysis of a solar car.

I'm facing a problem in preparing a structured mesh in 3D with certain y+ value. im using ANSYS meshing in Workbench... i failed to obtain a good quality mesh.. can anyone share some technique with me or some tutorial? Thanks
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Old   February 1, 2014, 05:13
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What is your car shape? Are you sure you want to do a structured mesh?
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Old   February 1, 2014, 09:01
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the car body has airfoil shape..

my supervisor asked me to do a structured mesh since want to examine the boundary layer near the body..

below shows the overall shape
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Old   February 1, 2014, 09:58
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Are you sure that eh wants you to make a "structured" mesh? It'll probably be impossible with your geometry IMHO...
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Old   February 1, 2014, 10:28
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may i knw why it is impossible to do structured mesh?

if can't do structured mesh, is there any other method can be used to define the mesh which are around the boundary layer? thx..
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Old   February 1, 2014, 11:07
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Have a look here for the definition of a structured mesh:
http://www.cfd-online.com/Forums/cfx...ured-mesh.html

As long as your geometry is simple, it is fairly easy to build one.
In your case you may want to do a regular unstructured mesh with different refinement regions around important parts of the car such as a spoiler for instance. Besides, as your professor suggested, you may also want to refine the region of the boundary layer
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Old   February 2, 2014, 01:25
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thanks for reply...

so by refining the mesh near boundary layer is good enough to catch the flow pattern??

can we detect the y+ value for an unstructured mesh?

when i check the y+ value, what is the procedure actually? do i need to check surface by surface or just select the all domain?

sorry cos got too much problem to ask here... since im new to cfd..thx again
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Old   February 2, 2014, 06:20
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Yes, you need to refine in your boundary layer regions. Usually, with NS codes what is done is to create "layers" there, as you can see in this picture (purple region of the mesh):



Then you can use the height of the layer closest to your surface to calculate the y+ value. The y+ is a local characteristic of your mesh and resulting flow, which mean that you need to check it in the regions of interest, so, yes, surface by surface but again, only where you think your boundary layer height prediction is important.
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Old   February 2, 2014, 23:05
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Thanks for clear explanation.

I had done the unstructured mesh + refinement around the car body + inflation layer.. is this more that enough for my case?

i checked my mesh quality using skewness.. it shows that the max skewness is 0.999995, which is more than 0.95.. is this means that i need to repair my mesh? or i can just carry on to solving?

Again, thx for yr reply
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Old   February 3, 2014, 03:50
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I'm not sure whether your thesis will require a lengthy literature review, but these solar cars are a fairly popular at universities around the world so there should be a bit in the literature about validation of CFD around similar geometries. These should get you headed down the right path, and with a bit of luck they might explain the logic behind their mesh generation.
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Old   February 3, 2014, 04:41
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Since it is popular, almost all university keep it confidential.. i failed to find any papers that related to its aerodynamic analysis..

somemore, i need to finish this cfd analysis cos still need to conduct wind tunnel test.. lack of time actually..

So.. need opinions from experienced cfd guys..
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Old   February 3, 2014, 05:35
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Well I'm probably not what you'd classify as experienced and you've provided no details on your case, but that near-wall boundary looks too coarse to "analyse the boundary layer..".
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Old   February 3, 2014, 08:49
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okay.. then what should i do to refine those mesh again??
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Old   February 3, 2014, 14:26
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Also, you don't have any refinement in the wake…
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Old   February 4, 2014, 06:15
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current meshing at wake region still not fine enough???
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Old   February 4, 2014, 07:50
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Ryan0531 View Post
current meshing at wake region still not fine enough???

Nope... But that is only one of the problems... Making the mesh setup usually takes some time, it is not just a matter of 5 minutes...
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Old   February 4, 2014, 22:04
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ok.. Thanks for the advices..
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Old   February 6, 2014, 02:55
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Hi
This is a mesh from GridPro.

https://www.dropbox.com/sc/abqj04fi9ntn2ht/gQMtQ9HLxX

Best
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