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behruz920 May 31, 2017 05:41

Empty boundary condition
Hi all
we are preparing a finite volume code to simulate flow over a airfoil with FORTRAN. we have a mesh which is extruded one layer (Nz=1). we need to impose EMPTY boundary condition in two faces in Z direction. but we don't know how to apply this. in other word, we don't know what are the velocity and pressure values on the boundaries nodes (what is the meaning of the EMPTY boundary condition???)

venturi May 31, 2017 06:53

Hi, I don't know which software you are using, but if you mean EMPTY boundary condition of OpenFOAM, I think it is the same as symmetry or periodic in other solvers.

Other users may confirm this.

Santiago June 7, 2017 03:44

Empty is not symmetry nor periodic, it means that the Gauss theorem shouldn't use the faces defined as EMPTY. This basically sets all coefficients related to the direction normal to the empty faces to nil.

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leflix August 5, 2017 14:16

In fact you are both Venturi and Santiago right :D and you say exactly the same thing.
As Venturi mentioned it EMPTY boundary condition in Open foam corresponds to symmetry boundary condition over this surface.
Santiago when you set the coefficient of your discretized equation to zero you impose a normal Gradient to this boundary =0 or if you prefer d(Phi)/dn=0 and this is exactly the boundary condition you should impose for symmetry BC.
If you want to perform a 2D simulation (x, y) when you have a 3D solver as in Openfoam you must use only one cell in the z direction and you have to apply symmetry boundary condition on the two side surfaces normal to the z direction.

leflix August 5, 2017 14:35

By the way Santiago this is not true that if the Gauss theorem do not use the faces defined as EMPTY that it sets all coefficients related to the direction normal to the empty faces to null. In a pure diffusive equation yes, in a convective-diffusive one no because you would have the convective flux contribution in the calculation of this coefficient. And this is exactly because for symmetry BC convective fluxes are null that the coefficient is then null because all its contribution are null (diffusive flux with Gauss theorem and convective flux).

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