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n0name January 15, 2012 14:32

Simulation of Rayleigh-Benard convection
Hello CFD-friends,

I have decided to simulate the Rayleigh-Benard convection.I have never simulated this phenomena with STAR-CCM before. But its the programm, I know most about. After two days, working on the simulation of the natural convection to get the Rayleigh-Benard convection (I tried really everything), I realised that I'm not able to cope with this problem in CCM+. (The CFD should be done in 3D.)

I asked a friend, if I could use his ANSYS fluent to essay the simulation of the Rayleigh-Benard convection phenomena. After 30 minutes (I have never worked with fluent before), I got the phenomena. Clear visible!

Now I'm thinking about: What was wrong with the settings in CCM+? To cope with this I'm trying to do the connection between the different namings in the programms. And that's why I post it in the Main-Forum.

In Fluent I used these "General" options:

Type: Pressure-Based [?]
Time: Transient [in CCM+ I used "implict unsteady" for this.]


In Fluent I used these "Solution Methods":

-Pressure-Velocity-Coupling [probably the "Segregated Flow Model" in CCM+]
Scheme: SIMPLE [is standard in the seg. algo.]

-Spatial Descretization
Pressure: BODY FORCE WEIGHTED ["gravity"?]

I know that there is an option of Buayancy Driven (Xu) in CCM+. This option is able to be used if the k-epsilon model is invoked. (By the way the k-epsilon and k-w are recommended in the userguide to simulate the natural convection). Spalart-Almeras is not allowed to be used for this kind of phenomena, according the userguide.

Well, could anyone help me with the "translation" to the STAR-CCM+ settings?

Or, what are generally the proper settings for the simulation of the Rayleigh-Benard convection, natural convection and stack effect?

Thanks a lot for your help!!

kind regards

PS: Does anyone have some papers about the Rayleigh-Benard convection and how to simulate it to get all the important characteristics of the phenomena?

leflix January 31, 2012 13:08


I never tried with star-CCM+ but I did it with STAR-CD and I remember that it was not straightforward despite this type of flow is easy to catch with any simple CFD code.

myty April 27, 2014 13:49

Rayleigh-Benard convection
It was nice to read your blog about rayleigh-benard convection. I just have some confusion or may be i do not understand how to work with FLUENT. i am trying to simulate rayleigh-benard convection but i am seeing cell formation even without applying any instability after critical Ra = 1708. Could anyone answer me why it is happening in FLUENT.
Thanks in advance

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