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Problems with Compiling OpenFOAM-2.1.1 in Ubuntu 16.04

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Old   April 16, 2018, 08:42
Default Problems with Compiling OpenFOAM-2.1.1 in Ubuntu 16.04
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Hey all,
I am recently new to OpenFOAM, started using it about a month ago. I recently tried to compile OpenFOAM-2.1.1 in my Ubuntu 16.04 and it keeps coming up with the first error;

/home/okorie/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.1/platforms/linux64GccDPOpt/lib/libreactionThermophysicalModels.so: undefined reference to `Foam::Reaction<Foam::constTransport<Foam::specieT hermo<Foam::hConstThermo<Foam:erfectGas> > > >::typeName'
collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status

I have attached my log file I have looked online but all I get is the suggestion of cleaning and compiling all over again but that has not worked. Any help will be appreciated.
Thanks.
Attached Files
File Type: gz log.make.tar.gz (10.4 KB, 2 views)
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Old   April 16, 2018, 09:13
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Quick questions:
  1. Which installation instructions are you following?
  2. Do you need the solvers with chemical reaction capabilities?
    • Because if you don't, then you can already use the OpenFOAM 2.1.1 installation that you currently have.
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Old   April 16, 2018, 09:19
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Hi,
  1. I am using installation instructions from the openfoam wiki website https://openfoamwiki.net/index.php/I...u#Ubuntu_16.04
  2. I am working on combustion so I think I would need the solvers with chemical reaction capabilities.
Thanks.

Last edited by wyldckat; April 16, 2018 at 17:09. Reason: made the link clickable
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Old   April 16, 2018, 10:14
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More quick questions:
  1. Did you do any modifications to the source code in your OpenFOAM 2.1.1 installation?
  2. Do you only have this version installed? Or do you have more than one OpenFOAM version/variant/fork?
Because the error message you are getting is due to a missing library in the list of dependencies in "Make/options", which should not have occurred, unless something unexpected is being used.

I will have to test this later today at home in my Ubuntu 16.04 installation, to try and reproduce the same error message.
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Old   April 16, 2018, 10:18
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Hi,
  1. I made no modifications to the source code during the installation.
  2. I have three more versions of OpenFOAM installed i.e. version 2.2.x, 2.2.2. and OpenFOAM-dev. At the moment am only making use of the dev version. Do you suggest I uninstall the versions am not using?
Thanks.
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Old   April 16, 2018, 12:26
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Quote:
Originally Posted by charles4allme View Post
2. I have three more versions of OpenFOAM installed i.e. version 2.2.x, 2.2.2. and OpenFOAM-dev. At the moment am only making use of the dev version. Do you suggest I uninstall the versions am not using?
There is no need to uninstall.
My concern here is how exactly you are keeping each version separated from each other. For example, do you use aliases for loading each individual version; do you only activate one version per terminal or do you load directly between versions in the same terminal?
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Old   April 16, 2018, 14:55
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Hi,
Thanks for the reply. I use aliases to load the individual version. I also activate one version for each terminal. I don't know if the instructions on the website could be the problem
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Old   April 16, 2018, 18:31
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Hi charles4allme,

So, from what I can figure out from your descriptions, everything should have worked properly and as intended.

I've finished re-testing the instructions on my machine and I did not get the same error message that you've gotten.

Mmm... I would like to ask the following, to try and cross-out an hypothesis: Have you installed the package "openfoam" that is provided for Ubuntu via apt? I ask this because that will make a global installation, without the need to use the source command, if I'm not mistaken. The problem is that such an installation would interfere with any other custom builds that you would do...
It could have been something that you could have accidentally done recently, while trying to install the packages "openfoam5" or "openfoam4" or something like that.

But assuming that's not the problem, please try the following steps:
  1. Activate the environment for OpenFOAM 2.1.1.
  2. Run the following command, to go into the source code folder for wallHeatFlux:
    Code:
    cd $FOAM_UTILITIES/postProcessing/wall/wallHeatFlux/
  3. Edit the file "Make/options", for example, by running:
    Code:
    gedit Make/options
  4. Then replace this block:
    Code:
    EXE_LIBS = \
        -lcompressibleRASModels \
        -lreactionThermophysicalModels \
        -lfiniteVolume \
        -lgenericPatchFields \
        -lspecie \
        -lbasicThermophysicalModels
    With this one:
    Code:
    EXE_LIBS = \
    -lcompressibleRASModels \
    -lreactionThermophysicalModels \
    -lfiniteVolume \
    -lgenericPatchFields \
    -lspecie \
    -lbasicThermophysicalModels \
    -lcompressibleTurbulenceModel \
    -lmeshTools \
    -ltriSurface \
    -lbasicSolidThermo \
    -lsolid \
    -lradiationModels \
    -lfileFormats \
    -lSLGThermo \
    -lsolidMixtureProperties \
    -lliquidMixtureProperties \
    -lsolidProperties \
    -lliquidProperties \
    -lthermophysicalFunctions
  5. Save and close the text editor.
  6. Then try to build wallHeatFlux by running the following command:
    Code:
    wclean
    wmake
  7. If all goes well, it should not give you any error message.
    • If this is the case, then the solution should be just a matter of adding the entry "-lbasicThermophysicalModels" to the right of each occurrence of "-lreactionThermophysicalModels" in the "Make/options" files for each one of the applications that did not build successfully.
    • The reason why I wrote the whole list, is because it's the list of libraries I get from a well built wallHeatFlux with OpenFOAM 2.1.1 on my installation of Ubuntu 16.04.
  8. But if it does not work, then post what is the error message that you have gotten.
    • Because it is possible that you would still get the same error message that you've gotten before:
      Code:
      /home/okorie/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.1/platforms/linux64GccDPOpt/lib/libreactionThermophysicalModels.so: undefined reference to `Foam::Reaction<Foam::constTransport<Foam::specieThermo<Foam::hConstThermo<Foam::perfectGas> > > >::typeName'
       collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
      /home/okorie/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.1/wmake/Makefile:149: recipe for target '/home/okorie/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.1/platforms/linux64GccDPOpt/bin/wallHeatFlux' failed
    • And if this is the situation, then we will have to try and pinpoint what is interfering with this linking step of the build process.
Best regards,
Bruno
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Old   April 17, 2018, 06:45
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Hi,

Thank you for the instructions. I don't think I have installed openfoam package through 'apt'. Is there anyway to check to be certain so I can fully rule that out as a potential problem.

I have also gone ahead to edit my file Make/options and I added those other libraries. I now get this new error.

Code:
linux64GccDPOpt/options:71: *** missing separator.  Stop.
wmake error: file 'Make/linux64GccDPOpt/objectFiles' could not be created in /home/okorie/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.1/applications/utilities/postProcessing/wall/wallHeatFlux
Best regards,
charles4allme
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Old   April 17, 2018, 12:15
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Quote:
Originally Posted by charles4allme View Post
I don't think I have installed openfoam package through 'apt'. Is there anyway to check to be certain so I can fully rule that out as a potential problem.
Try running:
Code:
dpkg -s openfoam | grep Status
Quote:
Originally Posted by charles4allme View Post
Code:
linux64GccDPOpt/options:71: *** missing separator.  Stop.
wmake error: file 'Make/linux64GccDPOpt/objectFiles' could not be created in /home/okorie/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.1/applications/utilities/postProcessing/wall/wallHeatFlux
Something went wrong when you copied the text from the post to the file. Please copy-paste the whole content of the "Make/options" file from that folder to your next post, or simply attach the file.
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Old   April 17, 2018, 14:28
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I tried running the code you sent and I get this output

Code:
dpkg-query: package 'openfoam' is not installed and no information is available
Use dpkg --info (= dpkg-deb --info) to examine archive files,
and dpkg --contents (= dpkg-deb --contents) to list their contents.
Here is the attached file. Thanks.
Attached Files
File Type: gz options.tar.gz (381 Bytes, 2 views)
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Old   April 17, 2018, 19:04
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Quick answers:
  • So it seems like the "openfoam" package is not installed, so that's one less variable in the mix.
  • The error occurred because unfortunately you didn't simply copy paste the whole block of code that I had posted, you only copied the new lines, but that resulted in a missing backslash, namely here:
    Code:
        -lspecie \
        -lbasicThermophysicalModels
        -lcompressibleTurbulenceModel \
    is missing one in the middle entry there:
    Code:
        -lspecie \
        -lbasicThermophysicalModels \
        -lcompressibleTurbulenceModel \
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Old   April 19, 2018, 05:31
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Hello,

Apologies for the late reply. I have corrected the mistake and I still get the same error

Code:
/home/okorie/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.1/platforms/linux64GccDPOpt/lib/libreactionThermophysicalModels.so: undefined reference to `Foam::Reaction<Foam::constTransport<Foam::specieThermo<Foam::hConstThermo<Foam::perfectGas> > > >::typeName'
collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
/home/okorie/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.1/wmake/Makefile:149: recipe for target '/home/okorie/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.1/platforms/linux64GccDPOpt/bin/wallHeatFlux' failed
make: *** [/home/okorie/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.1/platforms/linux64GccDPOpt/bin/wallHeatFlux] Error 1
Thanks.
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Old   April 19, 2018, 10:20
Default Why 2.x version?
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Latest version is 5.x available why are you using older version?

Follow Steps :

open terminal : (enter one by one)
sudo add-apt-repository http://dl.openfoam.org/ubuntu
sudo sh -c "wget -O - http://dl.openfoam.org/gpg.key | apt-key add -"

sudo apt-get update

apt-get install synaptic

search for openfoam and install version 5

finalize installation with : gedit ~/.bashrc
(at end of file : ) source /opt/openfoam5/etc/bashrc

save and enjoy
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Old   April 19, 2018, 13:11
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Hi Rvadrabade,

I really appreciate the advice but am in a peculiar situation. I need the version 2.1.1 because am working with someone's solver that made use of applications and models from version 2.1.1 to generate their own model.

I would go ahead and check if version 5.x has the available applications and models anyways.

Thanks.
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Old   April 30, 2018, 17:28
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@charles4allme: Sorry for the late reply, but I'm still confused as to why this error is happening and I haven't figured out how I can reproduce the same error...

Nonetheless, please run the following command:
Code:
uname -a
and let us know what it gives you.
For example, I have gotten the following information in a virtual machine I'm testing right now for something else:
Code:
Linux ofuser-virtual-machine 4.4.0-15-generic #31-Ubuntu SMP Fri Mar 18 19:06:37 UTC 2016 i686 athlon i686 GNU/Linux
This is for Ubuntu 16.04, but it's the 32-bit version (i686). Since there is no clear indication if you have the 32 or 64-bit version installed, so it's better to check which exact one you are using.
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Old   May 15, 2018, 06:45
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@wyldckat: Apologies for the late reply as I got busy with others and thank you for your reply and support. I ran the command and here is what it gave me


Code:
Linux maqsood-Precision-T7610 4.4.0-121-generic #145-Ubuntu SMP Fri Apr 13 13:47:23 UTC 2018 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux
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Old   May 31, 2018, 09:01
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It's been so long since the original report, that I'm lost on what could possibly be the error here.

My best guess is that there might have been a bug when unpacking the source code packages, which resulted in this problem.
In other words, deleting the current 2.1.1 installation and starting over from downloading the "tar.gz" files once again and unpacking them and so on, is my best guess on solving this problem.
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