mag(D) = sqrt(D_ij D_ij ) = norm of strain rate tensor in OpenFOAM, where D_ij = 1/2 ((grad(U)+grad(U)^T) = symm(grad(U)) = 2*DR and that is a scalar. There are several definitions of the norm, this is one wideley used to calculate a kind of "magnitude" of the tensors components

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Sorry, more precise: norm(D) = sqrt{trace(D^2)}, so if I am correct Dij above would be: Dij = 0.5*(du_i/dx_j + du_j/dx_i) + 0.5(du_i/dx_j  du_j/dx_i).
Please check if I messed with the indices, du_/dx_ stands for the corresponding derivative of the velocity. 
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