# Formulation of the Radial Acutation Disk Source

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 September 30, 2013, 09:48 Formulation of the Radial Acutation Disk Source #1 New Member   Antar Netra Join Date: Sep 2013 Location: India Posts: 2 Rep Power: 0 Dear Foamers Greetings! I am scratching my head to understand a very small piece of code related to fvOption radialActuationSource. The function calculates the thrust for a wind turbine and then distributes the thrust over the wind turbine disk using a radial function. In the radialActuationSource.H, the description says the following and I am quoting : Code: thrust = 2 \rho A U_{o}^2 a (1-a) where a = 1- Cp/Ct A = disk area U_o = upstream velocity Thrust is distributed by a radial function Thrust(r) = T (C_0 + C_1 r^2 + C_2 r^4) Example Usage: actuationDiskSourceCoeffs { fieldName U; // name of field to apply source diskDir (-1 0 0); // disk direction Cp 0.1; // power coefficient Ct 0.5; // thrust coefficient diskArea 5.0; // disk area coeffs (0.1 0.5 0.01); // radial distribution coefficients upstreamPoint (0 0 0); // upstream point } Now the radialActuationSourceTemplates.C with comments regarding the point i do not understand is given next: Code: template void Foam::fv::radialActuationDiskSource:: addRadialActuationDiskAxialInertialResistance ( vectorField& Usource, const labelList& cells, const scalarField& Vcells, const RhoFieldType& rho, const vectorField& U ) const { scalar a = 1.0 - Cp_/Ct_; scalarField Tr(cells.size()); const vector uniDiskDir = diskDir_/mag(diskDir_); tensor E(tensor::zero); E.xx() = uniDiskDir.x(); E.yy() = uniDiskDir.y(); E.zz() = uniDiskDir.z(); const Field zoneCellCentres(mesh().cellCentres(), cells); const Field zoneCellVolumes(mesh().cellVolumes(), cells); const vector avgCentre = gSum(zoneCellVolumes*zoneCellCentres)/V(); const scalar maxR = gMax(mag(zoneCellCentres - avgCentre)); // Question : how do we get this expression. by the variable name // it seems that we are integrating the radial function // (C_0 + C_1 r^2 + C_2 r^4). // // Is that so ? scalar intCoeffs = radialCoeffs_[0] + radialCoeffs_[1]*sqr(maxR)/2.0 + radialCoeffs_[2]*pow4(maxR)/3.0; vector upU = vector(VGREAT, VGREAT, VGREAT); scalar upRho = VGREAT; if (upstreamCellId_ != -1) { upU = U[upstreamCellId_]; upRho = rho[upstreamCellId_]; } reduce(upU, minOp()); reduce(upRho, minOp()); scalar T = 2.0*upRho*diskArea_*mag(upU)*a*(1.0 - a); forAll(cells, i) { scalar r2 = magSqr(mesh().cellCentres()[cells[i]] - avgCentre); // Question 2 : Here we are distributing the thrust as per the // radial function. Can somebody please explain // how does the expression below ensures that // the total thrust T = sum of (Ti)s when this // approach is used. Tr[i] = T *(radialCoeffs_[0] + radialCoeffs_[1]*r2 + radialCoeffs_[2]*sqr(r2)) /intCoeffs; Usource[cells[i]] += ((Vcells[cells[i]]/V_)*Tr[i]*E) & upU; } if (debug) { Info<< "Source name: " << name() << nl << "Average centre: " << avgCentre << nl << "Maximum radius: " << maxR << endl; } } Any help is highly appreciated Thanks Antar

March 4, 2017, 15:27
#2
Member

Luis Eduardo
Join Date: Jan 2011
Posts: 85
Rep Power: 15
Hi Antar,

Reopening an old post...

I'm also struggling to find out what is done within radialActuationDiskSource, did you find out the answer to the questions you posed?

For Question 1, the expression
Quote:
seems to be the integration of
Quote:
and for me it doesn't make sense...

Also, maybe the intCoeffs is used to assure that the total Thrust is applied, but I couldn't find a mathematical proof of it.

Did you keep working with it?

Best Regards,
Luis

 October 24, 2019, 07:40 #3 New Member   Shuguang Wang Join Date: Feb 2018 Posts: 13 Rep Power: 8 hello, guys Is there someone still working on this? I think it should be PNG image 2019-10-25 10_01_34.jpg Last edited by SGWANG; October 25, 2019 at 06:07.

 November 3, 2019, 02:20 #4 New Member   vahid Join Date: Oct 2015 Posts: 1 Rep Power: 0 Hi this comment is very very goog thank you ... but i have a question : Where did this formula(Tr=fx=A*(c0+c1*r^2+c2*r^4)) come from?