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October 9, 2007, 18:00 
Using ODE in OpenFoam

#1 
Senior Member
Senthil Kabilan
Join Date: Mar 2009
Posts: 113
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Hi,
I am new to OpenFoam and was trying to use the ODE solver. I took a look at the ODETest but was not able to understand how the equations are cast. can some one show me how I can solve a simple system like the following? C  INITIAL VALUES X=0.0D0 Y(1)=2.0D0 Y(2)=0.66D0 C  ENDPOINT OF INTEGRATION XEND=2.0D0 XDELTA=0.2 C  SYSTEM OF EQUATIONS F(1)=Y(2) F(2)=((1Y(1)**2)*Y(2)Y(1))/2.0 ODETest \**/ #include "argList.H" #include "IOmanip.H" #include "ODE.H" #include "ODESolver.H" #include "RK.H" using namespace Foam; // * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * // class testODE : public ODE { public: testODE() {} label nEqns() const { return 4; } void derivatives ( const scalar x, const scalarField& y, scalarField& dydx ) const { dydx[0] = y[1]; dydx[1] = y[0]  (1.0/x)*y[1]; dydx[2] = y[1]  (2.0/x)*y[2]; dydx[3] = y[2]  (3.0/x)*y[3]; } void jacobian ( const scalar x, const scalarField& y, scalarField& dfdx, Matrix<scalar>& dfdy ) const { dfdx[0] = 0.0; dfdx[1] = (1.0/sqr(x))*y[1]; dfdx[2] = (2.0/sqr(x))*y[2]; dfdx[3] = (3.0/sqr(x))*y[3]; dfdy[0][0] = 0.0; dfdy[0][1] = 1.0; dfdy[0][2] = 0.0; dfdy[0][3] = 0.0; dfdy[1][0] = 1.0; dfdy[1][1] = 1.0/x; dfdy[1][2] = 0.0; dfdy[1][3] = 0.0; dfdy[2][0] = 0.0; dfdy[2][1] = 1.0; dfdy[2][2] = 2.0/x; dfdy[2][3] = 0.0; dfdy[3][0] = 0.0; dfdy[3][1] = 0.0; dfdy[3][2] = 1.0; dfdy[3][3] = 3.0/x; } }; // * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * // // Main program: int main(int argc, char *argv[]) { argList::validArgs.clear(); argList::validArgs.append("ODESolver"); argList args(argc, argv); word ODESolverName(args.args()[1]); testODE ode; autoPtr<odesolver> odeSolver = ODESolver::New(ODESolverName, ode); scalar xStart = 1.0; scalarField yStart(ode.nEqns()); yStart[0] = ::Foam::j0(xStart); yStart[1] = ::Foam::j1(xStart); yStart[2] = ::Foam::jn(2, xStart); yStart[3] = ::Foam::jn(3, xStart); scalarField dyStart(ode.nEqns()); ode.derivatives(xStart, yStart, dyStart); Info<< setw(10) << "eps" << setw(12) << "hEst"; Info<< setw(13) << "hDid" << setw(14) << "hNext" << endl; Info<< setprecision(6); for (label i=0; i<15; i++) { scalar eps = ::Foam::exp(scalar(i + 1)); scalar x = xStart; scalarField y = yStart; scalarField dydx = dyStart; scalarField yScale(ode.nEqns(), 1.0); scalar hEst = 0.6; scalar hDid, hNext; odeSolver>solve(ode, x, y, dydx, eps, yScale, hEst, hDid, hNext); Info<< scientific << setw(13) << eps; Info<< fixed << setw(11) << hEst; Info<< setw(13) << hDid << setw(13) << hNext << setw(13) << y[0] << setw(13) << y[1] << setw(13) << y[2] << setw(13) << y[3] << endl; } scalar x = xStart; scalar xEnd = x + 1.0; scalarField y = yStart; scalarField yEnd(ode.nEqns()); yEnd[0] = ::Foam::j0(xEnd); yEnd[1] = ::Foam::j1(xEnd); yEnd[2] = ::Foam::jn(2, xEnd); yEnd[3] = ::Foam::jn(3, xEnd); scalar hEst = 0.5; odeSolver>solve(ode, x, xEnd, y, 1e4, hEst); Info<< nl << "Analytical: y(2.0) = " << yEnd << endl; Info << "Numerical: y(2.0) = " << y << ", hEst = " << hEst << endl; Info << "\nEnd\n" << endl; return 0; } // ************************************************** *********************** // 

October 19, 2007, 14:23 
Hi,
I figured out how to so

#2 
Senior Member
Senthil Kabilan
Join Date: Mar 2009
Posts: 113
Rep Power: 10 
Hi,
I figured out how to solve ODE's using the above driver. 1) Change the dimension of the system. abel nEqns() const { return 4; } 2) Change the following equations accordingly { dydx[0] = y[1]; dydx[1] = y[0]  (1.0/x)*y[1]; dydx[2] = y[1]  (2.0/x)*y[2]; dydx[3] = y[2]  (3.0/x)*y[3]; } 3) Specifiy the " scalar xStart " , " scalar xEnd " and you can specify the initial values for yStart's if required. Feel free to contact if not clear! 

October 19, 2007, 14:56 
Good work! Does the solution c

#3 
Senior Member
Srinath Madhavan (a.k.a pUl)
Join Date: Mar 2009
Location: Edmonton, AB, Canada
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Good work! Does the solution compare well to the analytical result?


February 19, 2008, 18:01 
Hello there
Does anyone kno

#4 
New Member
Bernardo D Flores
Join Date: Mar 2009
Posts: 21
Rep Power: 10 
Hello there
Does anyone knows how to integrate the ODE on OpenFOAM, i.e., using a solver like icoFoam and a ODE system serving as input on icoFOAM inlets to be solved at each time step. Any pointers are greatly appreciated Regards 

September 2, 2015, 19:30 

#5 
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methma Rajamuni
Join Date: Jul 2015
Location: Victoria, Australia
Posts: 36
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Hi,
Can you please explain in more details the steps of solving an ODE in OpenFOAM? Thanks, Methma 

September 14, 2015, 02:54 

#7 
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methma Rajamuni
Join Date: Jul 2015
Location: Victoria, Australia
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Hi Hassan ,
I went through the tutorial you mentioned. I changed the ODETest.C file so that it contains my equations. After that I run the wmake command to complete the C file. It was compiled by making dependency list for source file. But I don't know how to get the results of the ODE solver. Can you please help me? I am new to OpenFOAM. I really need to understand this. My final goal is to work on fluid structure interface (Study on vortex induced vibration of a sphere/cylinder on free stream). There I need to solve the structure motion ODE in each time step. Thank you. Methma 

September 14, 2015, 03:12 

#8 
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methma Rajamuni
Join Date: Jul 2015
Location: Victoria, Australia
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Hi Hassan ,
I went through the tutorial you mentioned. I changed the TestODE.C file so that it contains my equations. After that I run the wmake command to complete the C file. It was compiled by making dependency list for source file. But I don't know how to get the results of the ODE solver. When I compile the C file does it run automatically or do I need to run it separately? Can you please help me? I am new to OpenFOAM. I really need to understand this. My final goal is to work on fluid structure interface (Study on vortex induced vibration of a sphere/cylinder on free stream). There I need to solve the structure motion ODE in each time step. Thank you. Methma 

September 14, 2015, 03:24 

#9 
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Hassan Kassem
Join Date: May 2010
Location: UK
Posts: 231
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Hello,
I am working on similar project but for 3D wings. The results of the ODE system are stored in y (in TestODE) which basically the initial conditions yStart. Best wishes, Hassan 

October 7, 2015, 01:17 

#10 
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methma Rajamuni
Join Date: Jul 2015
Location: Victoria, Australia
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Hi Hassan,
I went through the ODETest files and figured out how it works. I have implemented the ODE solver for the solid motion inside the icoFoam solver. Now, I need to take the force data to solve the solid motion solver in each time step. I went through the force.C and force.H files, but still have no idea how to use them to take the force data. I know the force.C file was written to write the force data, but I don't know how to edit those files to get the force data inside the icoFoam solver. I am not quite familiar with the library files and how OpenFoam uses the library files when we run a solver. So can you please help me on this? Thanks. Methma 

October 7, 2015, 06:17 

#11  
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Hassan Kassem
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Location: UK
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Quote:
That is a great progress, well done. Regarding the forces class, it is not only for writing. You can use it to get the forces directly [LINK]. There is a very good example for that in OpenFOAM source in sixDoFRigidBody [LINK] library. Here is a snippet of this library; Code:
// define a dictionary first dictionary forcesDict; // add the required parameters forcesDict.add("type", forces::typeName); forcesDict.add("patches", wordList(1, ptPatch.name())); forcesDict.add("rhoInf", rhoInf_); forcesDict.add("rhoName", rhoName_); forcesDict.add("CofR", motion_.centreOfRotation()); // create force object forces f("forces", db(), forcesDict); // calculate the forces f.calcForcesMoment(); // finally you can get the forces and moment vector F = f.forceEff(); vector M = f.momentEff(); Hassan 

October 7, 2015, 18:38 

#12 
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methma Rajamuni
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Thanks a lot Hassan, I will go through the links you mentioned. I hope this is very helpful.
Best, Methma 

October 29, 2015, 01:22 

#13 
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methma Rajamuni
Join Date: Jul 2015
Location: Victoria, Australia
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Hi Hassan,
I need your help again. I still could not do it. I have not quite understood how to deal with objectRegestry. I know I have to give the corresponding objectRegestry as an argument to the force class when we construct a force object f. I have a little knowledge on objectRegistry class. I need to compute the force on the sphere boundary. So how should I initialise the objectRegestry and use it? Can you please give me some ideas on this. I greatly appreciate your help. Thank you. Methma. 

October 29, 2015, 05:01 

#14  
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Hassan Kassem
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Location: UK
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Quote:
Bw, Hassan 

October 30, 2015, 03:37 

#15 
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methma Rajamuni
Join Date: Jul 2015
Location: Victoria, Australia
Posts: 36
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hi Hassan,
When I simple db() as an argument to the force object in the compilation of the solver it pop up the following error vivicoFoam.C: In function ‘int main(int, char**)’: vivicoFoam.C:137:27: error: ‘db’ was not declared in this scope forces f("forces", db(), forcesDict); It seems like it does not automatically take the db() function of the objectRegistry object. So, how can I fix that? Thanks, Methma 

October 30, 2015, 03:51 

#16 
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Hassan Kassem
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If you have mesh or time reference pass it, if not try the velocity Field U.dB()


October 31, 2015, 23:47 

#17 
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methma Rajamuni
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November 1, 2015, 19:28 

#18 
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methma Rajamuni
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Hassan,
Thank you very much, with your help I did it. Now I am able to calculate the forces on the solid. So, I can move into the next step of the solver. Thanks again Best, Methma 

November 2, 2015, 19:25 

#19 
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methma Rajamuni
Join Date: Jul 2015
Location: Victoria, Australia
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I want to impose a dirichlet boundary condition in Openfoam on the inlet patch with a time varying value calculated in each time step. For a example U = ( 1 y 0), where y is a value that I am calculating in each time step inside the solver. I know I have to use fixedValue type boundary condition which is uniform. Is there any inbuilt boundary condition which I can directly use or, do I need to create my own one? If I have to create a new boundary condition can you please give me some ideas and references.
Thank you Methma 

November 5, 2015, 06:29 

#20 
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Hassan Kassem
Join Date: May 2010
Location: UK
Posts: 231
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Hi Methma,
There are few options you have to tackle this case. First, you can create a new BC which calculates the velocity. For that you can check the time varying BCs. Your second option is to use codeStream to implement such BC. Your third option is to calculate this BC directly with the solver and updated each time step. This option discussed many times in this forum and you will find many useful tips on how to do it. I will not go with the last option unless it is the only way because the BC will be solver dependent. Bw, Hassan 

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