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3D Backward Facing Step (Reattachment Length)

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Old   April 23, 2018, 09:58
Default 3D Backward Facing Step (Reattachment Length)
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Nat K
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Hi all,

I am currently simulating flow over a backward facing step using LES. I am in the process of validating Armaly (1983) paper with air, but will later do some simulations with shear-thinning fluids.

At the moment I've been having difficulties in getting the correct reattachment length with respect to Reynolds number. In the laminar regime (up to Re=800) my results agree with the experimental data of Armaly, however beyond this my results are far from the experimental. For instance, at Re=3400 the RL is about 15 where it should be about 6.

I have a very fine mesh at the step and upper and lower walls. And I am using a mapped velocity BC at the inlet. I am using pisoFoam solver with the Smagorinsky SGS model for LES.

I am using the exact same geometry as Armaly stated in the experimental procedure.

I am not too sure why I cannot seem to get the same results. Any help or suggestions would be greatly appreciated.
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Old   April 23, 2018, 10:28
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Uwe Pilz
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> I have a very fine mesh at the step and upper and lower walls.

If you have higher Re numbers, than the fluid transports a lot of turbulence downstream. To cover this it is necessary to have a fine mesh in this region too. It may be that your mesh gets coarse to fast.
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Old   April 23, 2018, 11:33
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The mesh refinement is very similar downstream of the step.

I had to create multiple blocks in the blockMeshDict in order to get similar refinement without it getting too coarse.

I have a max aspect ratio of 48.
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Old   April 24, 2018, 04:31
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Also the Reynolds Number is not substantially high. Max will be Re=7000
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