# How can temperature e treated as a passive scalar be used in transport equation?

 Register Blogs Members List Search Today's Posts Mark Forums Read June 4, 2021, 09:11 How can temperature e treated as a passive scalar be used in transport equation? #1 Senior Member   Mandeep Shetty Join Date: Apr 2016 Posts: 185 Rep Power: 9 Hello, Temperature is not a conserved quantity. Then how can temperature be treated as a passive scalar and used in a scalar transport equation? Looking at the transport equation for Temperature it seems to be the same as the energy equation but used for an incompressible isotropic flow independent of temperature. So, is the 'Temperature scalar transport same as energy transport equation? Also, in OpenFOAM when reading about the energy equation I came across internal energy and enthalpy dependent energy equation (HEqn) but the temperature transport equation (TEqn) is not mentioned here. So why is the temperature transport equation not recognized as an Energy equation? lpz456 likes this.   June 5, 2021, 08:15 #2 New Member   Mohamed Zayed Join Date: Sep 2020 Posts: 5 Rep Power: 5 There is only the energy conservation equation, originaly expressed in the internal energy and enthalpy terms in its non simplified form http://cadfamily.blogspot.com/2014/1...-transfer.html , it is just in case of incompressible flows can be simplified and considered as the known passive scalar temperature equation to solve for the temperature field. For incompressible flow you need the "Mass conservation" and "Momentum conservation" to solve the field (that is why in the OpenFOAM incompressible solvers you don't find EEqn files), and the Temperature equation is an independet solved equation (if you add it to the solver as a passive scalar) depending on its thermal diffusivity coefficient, as the velocity and pressure field is already known from the solved coupled Mass and Momentum equations. But for compressible flows the density is changing and so you need an additional equaitons to to solve the field, so the "Energy conservation" and the "state equation" have to be added in the solver to close the set of equations. But this time you have to consider the non simplified form of the energy equation as the internal energy is not only dependent on the temperature anymore. I hope it helped. lpz456 likes this.   June 6, 2021, 11:33 #3
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Mandeep Shetty
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 Originally Posted by Mohmed Zayed There is only the energy conservation equation, originaly expressed in the internal energy and enthalpy terms in its non simplified form http://cadfamily.blogspot.com/2014/1...-transfer.html , it is just in case of incompressible flows can be simplified and considered as the known passive scalar temperature equation to solve for the temperature field. For incompressible flow you need the "Mass conservation" and "Momentum conservation" to solve the field (that is why in the OpenFOAM incompressible solvers you don't find EEqn files), and the Temperature equation is an independet solved equation (if you add it to the solver as a passive scalar) depending on its thermal diffusivity coefficient, as the velocity and pressure field is already known from the solved coupled Mass and Momentum equations. But for compressible flows the density is changing and so you need an additional equaitons to to solve the field, so the "Energy conservation" and the "state equation" have to be added in the solver to close the set of equations. But this time you have to consider the non simplified form of the energy equation as the internal energy is not only dependent on the temperature anymore. I hope it helped.
Thank you...Yes the energy equation is decoupled and can be solved seperately when assuming incompressible flow. But it is still energy equation ...calling it temperature scalar transport ....doesn't have the same feel as calling the scale trasport of some 'species' like say carbon-dioxide, as temperature is not a conserved quantity. In some certain situation, I have read, temperature can be assumed conserved. But still I guess it bugs me. For ex: if we consider the mixing of 2 flows at different temperatures at a elbow bend, it's not the hotter temperature that is diffusing...it's the energy. Temperature is not additive.   June 6, 2021, 17:35 #4 New Member   Mohamed Zayed Join Date: Sep 2020 Posts: 5 Rep Power: 5 I totally agree with you. There is confusion with using temperature instead of energy for the equation naming, but the energy is the quantity conserved in all cases. I think this confusion arises from the fact that the energy equation solves for temperature field. I will write energy equations for compressible and incompressible flows for future reference. compressible: incompressible: Also, the following document represents the upper equations and the reasons behind the simplification of the equation in the incompressible case clearly: http://users.metu.edu.tr/csert/me582...%20Ch%2001.pdf lpz456 likes this.  Tags energy equation, transport equation Thread Tools Search this Thread Show Printable Version Email this Page Search this Thread: Advanced Search Display Modes Linear Mode Switch to Hybrid Mode Switch to Threaded Mode Posting Rules You may not post new threads You may not post replies You may not post attachments You may not edit your posts BB code is On Smilies are On [IMG] code is On HTML code is OffTrackbacks are Off Pingbacks are On Refbacks are On Forum Rules Similar Threads Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post sharifi OpenFOAM Running, Solving & CFD 1 October 8, 2020 10:16 shanvach OpenFOAM Running, Solving & CFD 1 October 29, 2018 05:17 muth OpenFOAM Running, Solving & CFD 3 August 27, 2018 05:18 faizan_habib7 CFX 4 February 1, 2016 18:00 chinthakindi Main CFD Forum 0 April 27, 2004 10:26

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