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April 17, 2012, 02:21 
Compressible Flow using buoyantSimpleFoam

#1 
Member
Klio
Join Date: Mar 2012
Location: Austria
Posts: 45
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HI @ all!
I want to simulate a simple compressiple pipe flow with given pressure and higher tempreture at the inlet using kEpsilon Model with buoyantSimpleFoam. How do I set BC at p_rgh, when pressure inlet goes in zdirection! p = p_rgh + rho*g*z In my case it would be prgh = 0.5  1.225*9.81*0.1 > 0.701 But if i set up the BC of p_rgh with 0.7 it either crashes (when p is 0 but 0.5 at inlet) or it p_rho dosen't converge (when p is 1e5 but 0.5 at inlet)! 

April 17, 2012, 03:24 

#2 
New Member

have you already seen that thread?
http://www.cfdonline.com/Forums/ope...rgh17a.html I'll check the rest later today... 

April 17, 2012, 05:16 

#3 
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Klio
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Ok thank you but I just want to know if I had understood everything correctly:
So because of my fixed pressure inlet I have to set that in p_rgh after that i have to calculate p with the formula and in my case the pressure p is negative because of positive direction of the flow. my questions: 1. did I understand everything right? 2. do i have to calc p separately at every boundary? 3. is h half of my height? thank you! ps: with gravity in y direction this sim will never be correct ... Last edited by klio; April 17, 2012 at 07:01. 

April 17, 2012, 05:29 

#4 
New Member

is the buoyant effect significant in your case? what kind of fluid do you count on ?


April 17, 2012, 08:21 

#5 
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Klio
Join Date: Mar 2012
Location: Austria
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Its like last time a simple air flow and it is not significant!
It is just a test case for my understanding that i can do my work when i get my new mesh! And i wanted to know what i did wrong in my bc. Which pressure is now the pressure that drives my flow? p? but if it is p i have to set same bc as last time (inlet 0.5, outlet 0) and then my simulation chrashes. Now i did this: P internalField uniform 1.2017; inlet type fixedValue; value uniform 0.5; outlet type fixedValue; value uniform 1.2017; wall type zeroGradient; P_rgh internalField uniform 0; inlet type buoyantPressure; rho rho; value uniform 0.5; outlet type buoyantPressure; rho rho; value uniform 0; wall type zeroGradient; and then OpenFoam says to me that I have no mass outflow > i changed BC > got wrong pressure > sim also not correct and diverges 

April 17, 2012, 10:28 

#6 
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Learner
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Location: Ingolstadt
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Just a question:
buoyantSimpleFoam used to analyse heat transfer right? What is this buoyancy here actually? In what conditions can we use buoyantSimpleFoam. I want to use it for a simple heat transfer between 2 parallel plates (as an incompressible case, steadystate). Would you suggest some other solver? I have tried buoyantBoussinessqSimpleFoam but it doesnt seem to give me the right results as in FLUENT. Thanks. 

April 18, 2012, 02:24 

#7  
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Klio
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Location: Austria
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Quote:


April 18, 2012, 07:59 

#8 
New Member

Hello Kilo
I am sorry I cannot reproduce your ideas. I had a look at my pipe I used before to drive the flow with pressure bc. I simply took the case what works. I had a look at buoyantSimpleFoam tutorials and chosen the circuitBoard and analyze and identify those two pressures. By colors in paraview. It seemed to me, that p is the pressure field based on pressure stratification in g direction due to change in density. So the other one could be the one which will drive the flow. So p from simpleFoam test case will be p_rgh in that case. When you check the dimensions it is not p/rho anymore. I guess in buoyant case, the rho is not constant anymore and is computed. right ? I set BCs. Imagine the U to be in turbulent regime, compute p on that speed as inlet pressure which drives the flow. (hope so) Compute approximate k and €, the solution is still sensitive on that. Set p to absolute value what computes the ammount of bouyant forces in that case. (hope so) Set p_rgh for the pressure p (not p/rho). I set it as fixedValue. I do not know what type buoyantPressure does. Set T and U correctly or as you want. fv* files from old simpleFoam case without change will not work for buoyantSimpleFoam. Check it on your own to see why. Then I compared fvSchemes and fvSolution from old case and tutorial case and mix it upon best performance trying several combinantions and simulation runs. I do not see into solution settings too much. It is just trying from my side. But, I can try to test cases by myself. Why not... check also constant folder for appropriate files and values. (as usual...) see attached case again... good luck 

April 18, 2012, 08:52 

#9 
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Klio
Join Date: Mar 2012
Location: Austria
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Ok thanks for all the input!
really helpful! How did you calculate p and p_rho ? (which values would be comparable with total pressure 0.5 like it was in the first simpleFoam case?) I really do not understand why this values are so high! I thought: p = prgh + r*g*h > your pipe is 0,1 m high so the hydraulic pressure is about 1.225*9.81*0.1 ~ 1.2 > if p_rgh is 0.5 then p = 0.7 ???????? I also thought I've understood the explanations in the thread you've posted but it seems not so! 

April 18, 2012, 10:58 

#10  
New Member

oh sorry, I forgot.
Quote:
Let us have a horizontal pipe with pressure driven flow. From the thread we know, that p is static pressure. I set it to be ~1atm. It could be more clear, when you write down the bernoulli eq. on the outside of the inlet and a point in pipe. A  inlet; B  in pipe pA + rho/2 wA^2 + rho*g*hA = pB + rho/2 wB^2 + rho*g*hB at the inlet: pA = 1 atm ~ 101kPa wA = 0 m/s hA = zero as refference in pipe: pB = 1 atm ~ 101kPa wB = nonzero hB = hA (I was wrong about dynamic pressure before. It is the same expression, but it should come from that bernoulli equation!) The question is, what pA should you set to have wB at desired value ? hm ? that pA should be set on the inlet boundary in p_rgh because rgh = 0, and maybe in p boundary file too. try it. It took few minutes. Having vertical pipe should make some h in those terms. But the value coul be much smaller than value of other terms.. Maybe check the case with no pressure gradient, no flow to see how the pressure stratificate over the height of domain. Change orientation (by g vector), values.. And add some velocity on the inlet to see what is to be done with pressures. You could analyze it on your own. Results could be interesting. 

April 19, 2012, 16:12 

#11 
Member
Klio
Join Date: Mar 2012
Location: Austria
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Jey!!!!
Thanks a lot .... I think I got it. 

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