# Transient test for intake

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 September 8, 2011, 22:36 Transient test for intake #1 New Member   Joe Join Date: Sep 2011 Posts: 2 Rep Power: 0 I am currently using star to design a manifold for a single cylinder ATV engine, and I would like to be able to set up my outlet pressure as either a function of time, or to vary with a table. I have tried an implicit unsteady simulation with a cosine function at the pressure outlet, and with a table of time vs pressure values. With the cosine function the mass flow dropped consistently for the first few time steps as pressure increased, which was the opposite of what I expected to happen. Then, after the first 3 time steps the mass flow would level off and not change any more. Is the implicit unsteady with a field function the proper way to test the effect of the variation in pressure waves throughout the intake, or is there a better way to test this? Also, is there an easy way to animate the velocity vector field for a test like this, or will I be better off to set up an autosave at each time step?

September 12, 2011, 19:18
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Quote:
 Originally Posted by Jpreston With the cosine function the mass flow dropped consistently for the first few time steps as pressure increased, which was the opposite of what I expected to happen.
That's exactly what I would expect. Increasing the outlet pressure decreases the pressure drop over your system, so the velocity and therefore the volume flow rate has to decrease...

Anyway, for me it sounds like a guy at a garage, talking to a car mechanic:
"My car makes a strange noise, what's wrong?" And the mechanic still doesn't know whether it's the gear box, the engine, the wheels, the brakes, the front-seat passenger or only the HiFi system which makes the strange noise.
So can you please give us some more information? Do you run compressible or incompressible? What about your time step size, is it reasonable? Have you double checked your field function? Create a report and monitor the value provided by the field function as time advances. Will it give a reasonable value for all time? How much does your mass flow rate drop? 1%? 10%? 10 000%? After how many time steps did you decide the mass flow levels off? 10 time steps? 10 billion time steps? etc...

To see the effect of pressure waves, you have to run it unsteady and compressible. There is no better way (except maybe some 1D codes like power GT or something similar). To set the outlet condition with a field function is fine. It is one of several common ways.

For your animation, it might be possible to hardcopy the scene every time step and put together an animation with an external program (like windows movie maker, virtualdub or any other programm of your preference). To set up an autosave every time step has one big advantage: You can access the data of every time step after the run. But it has a huge disadvantage: You can completely fill your harddisk within a few timesteps, as the amount of data can reach incredible high values! Have you ever thought about this? And although it's possible, it's not very convenient to access the stored data as you would have to open every saved sim-file seperately.
So my advice: Hardcopy the scenes

 September 13, 2011, 05:13 #3 New Member   Joe Join Date: Sep 2011 Posts: 2 Rep Power: 0 What I meant to say was that the pressure drop increases, ie goes from -5000pa to -10000pa. I had some problems in my time steps and the syntax of my field function, which were giving me the issues. Your post helped out tremendously with finding the little mistakes in my setup. My models are set up as Implicit unsteady, Turbulent, K-epsilon turbulence, Coupled flow, ideal gas. My only other issue is that I am having trouble with getting my solutions to converge on the more complex 3D cases in steady state. I have tried changing the under-relaxation factors for K-Epsilon Turbulence, and K-Epsilon turbulence viscosity, as well as changing the turbulence intensity wherever possible, and attempting to set reasonable initial conditions. Are there any other factors that I could try and change so that my simulations will converge? I have used 0.3 for the relaxation factor for K-Epsilon turbulence, and 0.4 for K-Epsilon turbulent viscosity, and changed the turbulence intensity to 0.1. Are these values reasonable? I have also been able to make the simulations work if I do a 2D planar view of the geometry. Would it be acceptable to use a 2D simulation in order to compare geometry in a more time efficient manner?