CFD Online Logo CFD Online URL
Home > Jobs > Job Record #18264

CFD Jobs Database - Job Record #18264

Job Record #18264
TitleFunded PhD in fully coupled CFD model for FSI
CategoryPhD Studentship
EmployerUniversity of Aberdeen
LocationUnited Kingdom, Aberdeen
InternationalYes, international applications are welcome
Closure DateTuesday, October 31, 2023
Advertisement can be found via following link:

About the Project
In response to the energy crisis and climate change, the UK government has 
raised the target capacity of offshore wind energy from the existing 12.7GW in 
2022 to an ambitious 50GW by 2030, including an extra 5GW of floating wind 
turbines [1]. Almost all existing offshore wind turbines have been installed 
with fixed-bottom foundations in shallow water. However, due to the limitation 
of adequate shallow water sites with sustainable wind resources, there is a 
growing need for installing wind turbines in deeper waters, on floating 
structures. To exploit the potential of offshore wind energy and reduce the 
Levelised Cost of Energy (LCOE) of a single offshore wind turbine, it is 
essential to improve the capacity of wind turbines installed in deep waters, 
where the wind resource is far more robust and steadier compared to coastal and 
onshore zones. The design capacity of the latest Floating Offshore Wind Turbine 
(FOWT) is as much as 15MW [2], with turbine blades that are 115.5 meters long. 
For such very large FOWTs, the aeroelasticity of the blades plays a critical 
role in determining the blades' fatigue life and operational lifetime [3]. To 
analyse these complex dynamic FOWT systems, such as aerodynamics, 
aeroelasticity, hydrodynamics, and mooring systems, all need to be considered 
simultaneously due to their interactions. This has added significant complexity 
to developing laboratory experiments and numerical tools for critical 
assessments of FOWTs.

In this PhD project, a two-way fully coupled Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI) 
model will be developed in the open-source Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) 
library OpenFOAM and the open-source finite element library deal.II. The basis 
of the model will be the multi-region overset mesh model developed by Lin et al. 
[4-5] and the deal.II.  The specific objectives of the study include

1. To develop a robust, efficient, and accurate high-fidelity Two-Way coupled 
Fluid-Structure Interaction (TW-FSI) Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) 
numerical tool to resolve the complex hydro-aero-elastic-mooring system of a 
15MW FOWT in marine environments.

2. To investigate the effects of aeroelasticity on repetitive blade deformation, 
power production and wake development of an isolated rotor under cyclic loading 
induced by unsteady wind.

3. To investigate the performance and stability of a full 15MW FOWT in 
operational marine environments, considering the fully nonlinear wind-wave-
structure interaction, aeroelasticity, and dynamic mooring system.

The successfully implemented FSI model will be applied to investigate the FOWT 
blade aeroelasticity and its effects on the fully coupled FOWT dynamic system 
(aerodynamics, hydrodynamics, and mooring system). A multidisciplinary 
supervisory team is established with expertise in fluid-structure interaction 
using numerical [4-5] and experimental [6] approaches. The student will be based 
in the School of Engineering at the University of Aberdeen.

Selection will be made on the basis of academic merit. The applicant must have, 
or expect to achieve, at least a 2:1 honours degree or a distinction or high 
merit at the MSc level (or international equivalent) in civil engineering, fluid 
mechanics, marine/offshore/coastal engineering, naval architecture, mathematics, 
or a related subject.

Formal applications can be completed online:

• Apply for Degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Engineering

• State name of the lead supervisor as the Name of Proposed Supervisor

• State the exact project title on the application form

When applying please ensure all required documents are attached:

• All degree certificates and transcripts (Undergraduate AND Postgraduate MSc-
officially translated into English where necessary)

• Detailed CV, Personal Statement/Motivation Letter and Intended source of 

Informal inquiries can be made to Dr Z Lin ( with a copy of 
your curriculum vitae and cover letter. All general enquiries should be directed 
to the Postgraduate Research School (

Funding Notes
Tuition fees will be paid at UK rates only along with a stipend for 36 months 
(£17,668 per annum, paid monthly in arrears for academic year 2022-2023). 
International students are welcome to apply if they are able to pay the 
difference between UK and International tuition fees, from their own resources, 
for the duration of study. This will be in the region of £18,500 per annum.

[1] The Pathway to 2030 Holistic Network Design. Available at:
design. (Accessed: 6 October 2022).
[2] Floating offshore wind: cost reduction pathways to subsidy free. Available 
Pathways-to-Subsidy-Free-report-.pdf. (Accessed: 6 October 2022).
[3] Gaertner, E., Rinker, J., Sethuraman, L., Zahle, F., Anderson, B., Barter, 
G. and Abbas, N., 2020. Definition of the IEA wind 15-Megawatt offshore 
reference wind turbine technical report.
[4] Lin, Z., Qian, L., Campobasso, M.S., Bai, W., Zhou, Y. and Ma, Z., 2022. 
Modelling aerodynamics of a floating offshore wind turbine using the overset 
mesh solver in OpenFOAM. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 41st 
International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering (Vol. 85932, 
p. V008T09A031), Hamburg, Germany.
[5] Lin, Z., Qian, L. and Bai, W., 2021. A coupled overset CFD and mooring line 
model for floating wind turbine hydrodynamics. In the 31st International Ocean 
and Polar Engineering Conference, Rhodes, Greece.
[6] Neshamar, O.E. van der A, D.A. and O’Donoghue, T., 2022. Flow-induced 
vibration of a cantilevered cylinder in oscillatory flow at high KC. Journal of 
Fluids and Structures, 109, p.103476.
Contact Information:
Please mention the CFD Jobs Database, record #18264 when responding to this ad.
NameZaibin Lin
Email ApplicationNo
URL developments-and-assessments-of-floating-offshore-wind-turbines/?p154446
Record Data:
Last Modified14:19:13, Friday, January 20, 2023

[Tell a Friend About this Job Advertisement]

Go to top Go to top