# Boussinesq eddy viscosity assumption

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## Revision as of 12:52, 15 November 2011

In 1877 Boussinesq postulated[1][2] that the momentum transfer caused by turbulent eddies can be modeled with an eddy viscosity. This is in analogy with how the momentum transfer caused by the molecular motion in a gas can be described by a molecular viscosity. The Boussinesq assumption states that the Reynolds stress tensor, $\tau_{ij}$, is proportional to the trace-less mean strain rate tensor, $S_{ij}^*$, and can be written in the following way:

$\tau_{ij} = 2 \, \mu_t \, S_{ij}^* - \frac{2}{3} \rho k \delta_{ij}$

Where $\mu_t$ is a scalar property called the eddy viscosity. The same equation can be written more explicitly as:

$-\rho \overline{u'_i u'_j} = \mu_t \, \left( \frac{\partial U_i}{\partial x_j} + \frac{\partial U_j}{\partial x_i} - \frac{2}{3} \frac{\partial U_k}{\partial x_k} \delta_{ij} \right) - \frac{2}{3} \rho k \delta_{ij}$

Note that for incompressible flow:

$\frac{\partial U_k}{\partial x_k} = 0$

The Boussinesq eddy viscosity assumption is also often called the Boussinesq hypothesis or the Boussinesq approximation.