# Cebeci-Smith model

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## Latest revision as of 12:13, 18 December 2008

The Cebeci-Smith [Smith and Cebeci (1967)] is a two-layer algebraic 0-equation model which gives the eddy viscosity, $\mu_t$, as a function of the local boundary layer velocity profile. The model is suitable for high-speed flows with thin attached boundary-layers, typically present in aerospace applications. Like the Baldwin-Lomax model, this model is not suitable for cases with large separated regions and significant curvature/rotation effects. Unlike the Baldwin-Lomax model, this model requires the determination of of a boundary layer edge.

## Equations

 $\mu_t = \begin{cases} {\mu_t}_{inner} & \mbox{if } y \le y_{crossover} \\ {\mu_t}_{outer} & \mbox{if } y > y_{crossover} \end{cases}$ (1)

where $y_{crossover}$ is the smallest distance from the surface where ${\mu_t}_{inner}$ is equal to ${\mu_t}_{outer}$:

 $y_{crossover} = MIN(y) \ : \ {\mu_t}_{inner} = {\mu_t}_{outer}$ (2)

The inner region is given

 ${\mu_t}_{inner} = \rho l^2 \left[\left( \frac{\partial U}{\partial y}\right)^2 + \left(\frac{\partial V}{\partial x}\right)^2 \right]^{1/2},$ (3)

where

 $l = \kappa y \left( 1 - e^{\frac{-y^+}{A^+}} \right)$ (4)

with the constant $\kappa = 0.4$ and

 $A^+ = 26\left[1+y\frac{dP/dx}{\rho u_\tau^2}\right]^{-1/2}.$ (5)

The outer region is given by:

 ${\mu_t}_{outer} = \alpha \rho U_e \delta_v^* F_{KLEB}(y;\delta),$ (6)

where $\alpha=0.0168$ and $\delta_v^*$ is the velocity thickness given by

 $\delta_v^* = \int_0^\delta (1-U/U_e)dy.$ (7)

$F_{KLEB}$ is the Klebanoff intermittency function given by

 $F_{KLEB}(y;\delta) = \left[1 + 5.5 \left( \frac{y}{\delta} \right)^6 \right]^{-1}$ (8)

## References

• Smith, A.M.O. and Cebeci, T. (1967), "Numerical solution of the turbulent boundary layer equations", Douglas aircraft division report DAC 33735.
• Wilcox, D.C. (1998), Turbulence Modeling for CFD, ISBN 1-928729-10-X, 2nd Ed., DCW Industries, Inc..