# Introduction to turbulence

(Difference between revisions)
 Revision as of 15:14, 17 June 2007 (view source)Jola (Talk | contribs)← Older edit Latest revision as of 12:34, 15 March 2012 (view source)Michail (Talk | contribs) (→Wall bounded turbulent flows) (29 intermediate revisions not shown) Line 1: Line 1: - {{Turbulence}} + {{Introduction to turbulence menu}} - == [[Nature of turbulence|Nature of turbulence]] == + - * [[Nature of turbulence #The turbulent world around us | The turbulent world around us]] + __NOTOC__ - * [[Nature of turbulence #What is turbulence? | What is turbulence?]] + - * [[Nature of turbulence #Why study turbulence? | Why study turbulence? ]] + - * [[Nature of turbulence #The cost of our ignorance | The cost of our ignorance ]] + - * [[Nature of turbulence #What do we really know for sure? | What do we really know for sure? ]] + - == [[Statistical analysis in turbulence|Elements of statistical analysis]] == + '''This section is currently undergoing heavy reorganization and editing. Please excuse any errors or unfinished parts. --[[User:Jola|Jola]] 07:01, 21 June 2007 (MDT)''' - *  [[Statistical analysis in turbulence| Foreword ]] + == [[Introduction to turbulence/Nature of turbulence|Nature of turbulence]] == - * [[Ensemble average in turbulence| The ensemble and ensemble average]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Nature of turbulence#The turbulent world around us|The turbulent world around us]] - ** [[Ensemble average in turbulence #The mean or ensemble average| The mean or ensemble average]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Nature of turbulence#What is turbulence?|What is turbulence?]] - ** [[Ensemble average in turbulence #Fluctuations about the mean | Fluctuations about the mean]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Nature of turbulence#Why study turbulence?|Why study turbulence?]] - ** [[Ensemble average in turbulence #Higher moments| Higher moments]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Nature of turbulence#The cost of our ignorance|The cost of our ignorance]] - *  [[Probability in turbulence| Probability]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Nature of turbulence#What do we really know for sure?|What do we really know for sure?]] - ** [[Probability in turbulence#The histogram and probability density function| The histogram and probability density function]] + - ** [[Probability in turbulence#The probability distribution| The probability distribution]] + - ** [[Probability in turbulence#Gaussian (or normal) distributions| Gaussian (or normal) distributions]] + - ** [[Probability in turbulence#Skewness and kurtosis| Skewness and kurtosis]] + - *  [[Multivariate random vaiables#Multivariate random vaiables| Multivariate random vaiables]] + - ** [[Multivariate random vaiables#Joint pdfs and joint moments| Joint pdfs and joint moments]] + - ** [[Multivariate random vaiables#The bi-variate normal (or Gaussian) distribution| The bi-variate normal (or Gaussian) distribution]] + - ** [[Multivariate random vaiables#Statistical independence and lack of correlation| Statistical independence and lack of correlation]] + - * [[Estimation from a Finite Number of Realizations#Estimation from a Finite Number of Realizations| Estimation from a Finite Number of Realizations]] + - ** [[Estimation from a Finite Number of Realizations#Estimators for averaged quantities| Estimators for averaged quantities]] + - ** [[Estimation from a Finite Number of Realizations#Bias and convergence of estimators| Bias and convergence of estimators]] + - *  [[Generalization to the estimator of any quantity#Generalization to the estimator of any quantity| Generalization to the estimator of any quantity]] + - == [[Reynolds averaged equations and the turbulence closure problem]] == + == [[Introduction to turbulence/Statistical analysis|Statistical analysis]] == - * [[Reynolds averaged equations and the Turbulence Closure Problem#The equations governing the instantaneous fluid motions | The equations governing the instantaneous fluid motions ]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Statistical analysis/Ensemble average|Ensemble average]] - * [[Reynolds averaged equations and the Turbulence Closure Problem#Equations for the average velocity | Equations for the average velocity ]] + ** [[Introduction to turbulence/Statistical analysis/Ensemble average#Mean or ensemble average|Mean or ensemble average]] - * [[Reynolds averaged equations and the Turbulence Closure Problem#The turbulence problem | The turbulence problem ]] + ** [[Introduction to turbulence/Statistical analysis/Ensemble average#Fluctuations about the mean|Fluctuations about the mean]] - * [[Turbulence: Origins of turbulence | Origins of turbulence ]] + ** [[Introduction to turbulence/Statistical analysis/Ensemble average#Higher moments|Higher moments]] - * [[The importance of non-linearity #The importance of non-linearity | The importance of non-linearity ]] + *  [[Introduction to turbulence/Statistical analysis/Probability|Probability]] - * [[The Turbulence Closure problem and the Eddy Viscosity #The Turbulence Closure problem and the Eddy Viscosity |The Turbulence Closure problem and the Eddy Viscosity ]] + ** [[Introduction to turbulence/Statistical analysis/Probability#Histogram and probability density function|Histogram and probability density function]] - * [[The Reynolds Stress Equations #The Reynolds Stress Equations |The Reynolds Stress Equations ]] + ** [[Introduction to turbulence/Statistical analysis/Probability#Probability distribution|Probability distribution]] + ** [[Introduction to turbulence/Statistical analysis/Probability#Gaussian (or normal) distributions|Gaussian (or normal) distributions]] + ** [[Introduction to turbulence/Statistical analysis/Probability#Skewness and kurtosis|Skewness and kurtosis]] + *  [[Introduction to turbulence/Statistical analysis/Multivariate random variables|Multivariate random variables]] + ** [[Introduction to turbulence/Statistical analysis/Multivariate random variables#Joint pdfs and joint moments|Joint pdfs and joint moments]] + ** [[Introduction to turbulence/Statistical analysis/Multivariate random variables#The bi-variate normal (or Gaussian) distribution|The bi-variate normal (or Gaussian) distribution]] + ** [[Introduction to turbulence/Statistical analysis/Multivariate random variables#Statistical independence and lack of correlation|Statistical independence and lack of correlation]] + *  [[Introduction to turbulence/Statistical analysis/Estimation from a finite number of realizations|Estimation from a finite number of realizations]] + ** [[Introduction to turbulence/Statistical analysis/Estimation from a finite number of realizations#Estimators for averaged quantities|Estimators for averaged quantities]] + ** [[Introduction to turbulence/Statistical analysis/Estimation from a finite number of realizations#Bias and convergence of estimators|Bias and convergence of estimators]] + *  [[Introduction to turbulence/Statistical analysis/Generalization to the estimator of any quantity|Generalization to the estimator of any quantity]] + + == [[Introduction to turbulence/Reynolds averaged equations|Reynolds averaged equations and the turbulence closure problem]] == + + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Reynolds averaged equations#Equations governing instantaneous fluid motion|Equations governing instantaneous fluid motion]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Reynolds averaged equations#Equations for the average velocity|Equations for the average velocity]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Reynolds averaged equations#The turbulence problem|The turbulence problem]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Reynolds averaged equations#Origins of turbulence|Origins of turbulence]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Reynolds averaged equations#Importance of non-linearity|Importance of non-linearity]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Reynolds averaged equations#Turbulence closure problem and eddy viscosity|Turbulence closure problem and eddy viscosity]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Reynolds averaged equations#Reynolds stress equations|Reynolds stress equations]] + + == [[Introduction to turbulence/Turbulence kinetic energy|Turbulence kinetic energy]] == + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Turbulence kinetic energy#Fluctuating kinetic energy|Fluctuating kinetic energy]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Turbulence kinetic energy#Rate of dissipation of the turbulence kinetic energy|Rate of dissipation of the turbulence kinetic energy]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Turbulence kinetic energy#Kinetic energy of the mean motion and production of turbulence|Kinetic energy of the mean motion and production of turbulence]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Turbulence kinetic energy#Transport or divergence terms|Transport or divergence terms]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Turbulence kinetic energy#Intercomponent transfer of energy|Intercomponent transfer of energy]] + + == [[Introduction to turbulence/Stationarity and homogeneity|Stationarity and homogeneity]] == + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Stationarity and homogeneity#Processes statistically stationary in time|Processes statistically stationary in time]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Stationarity and homogeneity#Autocorrelation|Autocorrelation]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Stationarity and homogeneity#Autocorrelation coefficient|Autocorrelation coefficient]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Stationarity and homogeneity#Integral scale|Integral scale]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Stationarity and homogeneity#Temporal Taylor microscale|Temporal Taylor microscale]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Stationarity and homogeneity#Time averages of stationary processes|Time averages of stationary processes]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Stationarity and homogeneity#Bias and variability of time estimators|Bias and variability of time estimators]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Stationarity and homogeneity#Random fields of space and time|Random fields of space and time]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Stationarity and homogeneity#Multi-point statistics in homogeneous field|Multi-point statistics in homogeneous field]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Stationarity and homogeneity#Spatial integral and Taylor microscales|Spatial integral and Taylor microscales]] + + == [[Introduction to turbulence/Homogeneous turbulence|Homogeneous turbulence]] == + + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Homogeneous turbulence#A first look at decaying turbulence |A first look at decaying turbulence ]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Homogeneous turbulence#The dissipation equation and turbulence modelling |The dissipation equation and turbulence modelling ]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Homogeneous turbulence#A second look at simple shear flow turbulence |A second look at simple shear flow turbulence ]] + + == [[Introduction to turbulence/Free turbulent shear flows|Free turbulent shear flows]] == + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Free turbulent shear flows#Introduction|Introduction]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Free turbulent shear flows#The averaged equations|The averaged equations]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Free turbulent shear flows#Two-dimensional Turbulent Jets|Two-dimensional Turbulent Jets]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Free turbulent shear flows#Other free shear flows|Other free shear flows]] + + == [[Introduction to turbulence/Wall bounded turbulent flows|Wall bounded turbulent flows]] == + + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Wall bounded turbulent flows#Introduction|Introduction]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Wall bounded turbulent flows#Review of laminar boundary layers|Review of laminar boundary layers]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Wall bounded turbulent flows#The "outer" turbulent boundary layer|The "outer" turbulent boundary layer]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Wall bounded turbulent flows#The “inner” turbulent boundary layer|The “inner” turbulent boundary layer]] + * [[Introduction to turbulence/Wall bounded turbulent flows#The viscous sublayer|The viscous sublayer]] - == [[Turbulence kinetic energy]] == - * [[The Fluctuating Kinetic Energy #The Fluctuating Kinetic Energy |The Fluctuating Kinetic Energy ]] - * [[The Rate of Dissipation of the Turbulence Kinetic Energy #The Rate of Dissipation of the Turbulence Kinetic Energy |The Rate of Dissipation of the Turbulence Kinetic Energy ]] - == [[Stationarity and homogeneity]] == - == [[Homogeneous turbulence]] == - == [[Free turbulent shear flows]] == - == [[Wall bounded turbulent flows]] == {{Turbulence credit wkgeorge}} {{Turbulence credit wkgeorge}} [[Category: Turbulence]] [[Category: Turbulence]]

## Latest revision as of 12:34, 15 March 2012

 Nature of turbulence Statistical analysis Reynolds averaged equation Turbulence kinetic energy Stationarity and homogeneity Homogeneous turbulence Free turbulent shear flows Wall bounded turbulent flows Study questions ... template not finished yet!

This section is currently undergoing heavy reorganization and editing. Please excuse any errors or unfinished parts. --Jola 07:01, 21 June 2007 (MDT)

## Credits

This text was based on "Lectures in Turbulence for the 21st Century" by Professor William K. George, Professor of Turbulence, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.