- Johnson, D.A. and King, L.S. A mathematically simple turbulence closure model for attached and separated turbulent boundary layers, AIAA Journal, 23, 1684-1692, 1985.
| RANS-based turbulence models
|Large eddy simulation (LES)|
|Detached eddy simulation (DES)|
|Direct numerical simulation (DNS)|
|Turbulence near-wall modeling|
|Turbulence free-stream boundary conditions|