Realisable k-epsilon model

Transport Equations

$\frac{\partial}{\partial t} (\rho k) + \frac{\partial}{\partial x_j} (\rho k u_j) = \frac{\partial}{\partial x_j} \left [ \left(\mu + \frac{\mu_t}{\sigma_k}\right) \frac{\partial k} {\partial x_j} \right ] + P_k + P_b - \rho \epsilon - Y_M + S_k$

$\frac{\partial}{\partial t} (\rho \epsilon) + \frac{\partial}{\partial x_j} (\rho \epsilon u_j) = \frac{\partial}{\partial x_j} \left[ \left(\mu + \frac{\mu_t}{\sigma_{\epsilon}}\right) \frac{\partial \epsilon}{\partial x_j} \right ] + \rho \, C_1 S \epsilon - \rho \, C_2 \frac{{\epsilon}^2} {k + \sqrt{\nu \epsilon}} + C_{1 \epsilon}\frac{\epsilon}{k} C_{3 \epsilon} P_b + S_{\epsilon}$

Where

$C_1 = \max\left[0.43, \frac{\eta}{\eta + 5}\right] , \;\;\;\;\; \eta = S \frac{k}{\epsilon}, \;\;\;\;\; S =\sqrt{2 S_{ij} S_{ij}}$

In these equations, $P_k$ represents the generation of turbulence kinetic energy due to the mean velocity gradients, calculated in same manner as standard k-epsilon model. $P_b$ is the generation of turbulence kinetic energy due to buoyancy, calculated in same way as standard k-epsilon model.