SIMPLE [Semi-Implicit Method for Pressure-Linked Equations]
If a steady-state problem is being solved iteratively, it is not necessary to fully resolve the linear pressure-velocity coupling, as the changes between consecutive solutions are no longer small. The SIMPLE algorithm:
- An approximation of the velocity field is obtained by solving the momentum equation. The pressure gradient term is calculated using the pressure distribution from the previous iteration or an initial guess.
- The pressure equation is formulated and solved in order to obtain the new pressure distribution.
- Velocities are corrected and a new set of conservative fluxes is calculated.
SIMPLE Solver Algorithm
The algorithm may be summarized as follows:
The basic steps in the solution update are as follows:
- Set the boundary conditions.
- Compute the gradients of velocity and pressure.
- Solve the discretized momentum equation to compute the intermediate velocity field .
- Compute the uncorrected mass fluxes at faces .
- Solve the pressure correction equation to produce cell values of the pressure correction .
- Update the pressure field: where urf is the under-relaxation factor for pressure.
- Update the boundary pressure corrections .
- Correct the face mass fluxes:
- Correct the cell velocities: ; where is the gradient of the pressure corrections, is the vector of central coefficients for the discretized linear system representing the velocity equation and Vol is the cell volume.
- Update density due to pressure changes.
- Patankar, S. V. and Spalding, D.B. (1972), "A calculation procedure for heat, mass and momentum transfer in three-dimensional parabolic flows", Int. J. of Heat and Mass Transfer, Volume 15, Issue 10, October 1972, Pages 1787-1806.
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