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error in multiphase modiling

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Old   April 12, 2012, 00:05
Default error in multiphase modiling
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Marina Zayceva
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Hello, everyone, please help me. I'm modeling two-phase liquid-air flow in complicated atomizer. I have to consider the simplest calculation as possible. So my parameters for modeling are follows:

1. Homogeneous multiphase model ( I'm trying to do with and without free surface)
2. Inlet of liquid - 37.5 g/s, inlet of air - 17.5 g/s, opening - 1 atm
3. Turbulence model - SST
4. Timestep is conservative automatic ( I had set even smallest timesteps but problems are almost the same)

Here is my problems:

1. Almost in all cases local mach number begin to growing ( I saw in cfd-post there are a local pressure drop appears, but mesh in this place is fine enough)
2. Almost in all cases supersonic flow appear in place where it should be subsonic, after interface connection.
Attached Images
File Type: jpg laze.jpg (90.0 KB, 19 views)
File Type: jpg local dropl.jpg (33.5 KB, 16 views)
File Type: jpg local_mach.jpg (44.0 KB, 17 views)
File Type: jpg pressure.jpg (30.8 KB, 17 views)
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Old   April 15, 2012, 18:17
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Glenn Horrocks
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This means your simulation is diverging. I bet you will need to do this transient to get it to converge.
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Old   April 16, 2012, 05:52
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Marina Zayceva
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Thanks, ghorrocks, I've got a small timescale and free surface model and it's not diverging. It's slowly reaching a staedy state field. Can you tell me is there clear physical meaning of timescale and why transient can help? Maybe someone can name some book from which it can become clear. I thought timesteps in transient are almost the same as timescale and in a cases with bad initial guess timescale should be very small to reach steady state and not to diverge. Are there some advices on how to choose and change timescale during the solution except the one in cfx help?
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Old   April 17, 2012, 01:56
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In a steady state simulation several terms are omitted as they do not affect the final converged solution. This means the final converged solution is correct, but the evolution through time to get there is not correct. For instance you can advance different equations are different time steps - this is not physically possible so is just an acceleration scheme for steady state simulations.

The reason free surface flows are very difficult to converge in steady state is that the surface usually has small waves on it which reflect and bounce around with little dissipation. They are resolved in a transient simulation but mean a steady state converged result is tricky to obtain.
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