# Convergence Criterion

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 August 26, 2005, 13:29 Convergence Criterion #1 Jason Guest   Posts: n/a Hello I wonder if the convergence criterion ( in Residual Monitors console) affects the results or it just monitors whether the calculation is converged. Thanks

 August 26, 2005, 17:22 Re: Convergence Criterion #2 Mario Guest   Posts: n/a It just monitors whether you solution is converged with the convergence criterion you set

 August 26, 2005, 20:15 Re: Convergence Criterion #3 zxaar Guest   Posts: n/a As you know in an ideally converged solution it will not matter. But the way you monitor your solution defintely affects the results. This sounds bit out from the first thing i wrote (a converged solution shall be unique). But what i want to say is the way you decide on convergence may affect your final results. Why so. The main thing is by default in fluent we see scaled residuals. that is res = sum all cells (Src - ap * phi_p - sum(ai_neigh * phi_neigh) ) / sum all cells ( ap * phi_p ) instead of absolute residual as res = sum all cells (Src - ap * phi_p - sum(ai_neigh * phi_neigh) ) i have observed that when the divergence occurs and absolute residuals rises very much , you may not see so much rise in scaled residual. in otherword when scaled residual has moved from 0.1 to 0.2 absolute residual moght have moved from 0.01 to 100. So when we base our residual monitoring based on scaled residuals , the solution might be changing eventhough the scaled residuals have fallen nicely. Now a decision based on it, could be wrong and you end up seeing the results you were not aspecting. Some people say that monitor the solution at some particular point in solution domain, but that still is not completely error free. The reason is, in complecated cases where its difficult to get converged solution, in those cases lot of solution domain quickly settles to some near fixed values. but some part of the solution keeps on changing and that slowly settles. so if you chose the point in a place where solution becomes stable soon, and you say i got converged solution, then again you are wrong. To check this, what you can do is take fairly complecated mesh and and plot the vector plot at each iterations, then in some cases you will be able to see that the velocity vector just rotates around before it settles. where as other parts have settles easily (in otherwords a difficult to converge case). in the end, its mostly a personal dicision when you want to stop the solution from iterating.

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