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April 25, 2011, 09:51 
flat plate with turbulent model

#1 
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Daniel Cebrián
Join Date: Nov 2010
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Hello everyone.
I write because I am studying a turbulent model in a flat plate with an inclination of 30 degrees, but I can´t get the values of Cd and Cl found in the literature. I think it might be because it fits well the values of k and epsilon RAS model, looking for the forum I found a thread that talks about how to get it and do not know if my conclusion is wrong, for my model: http://www.cfdonline.com/Wiki/Turbu...ary_conditions k = 1/2U '· U', where U '= 0.05Uo, where Uo is the inlet velocity of the fluid. epsilon = ( Cn ^0.75 ° k ^ 1.5) / l, with Cn = 0.09, l = 0.2 D, and D is the hydraulic diameter. In my example: Uo = 0.01 D = 1 kinematic viscosity = 1e6 Re = 1E4 k = 3.75 e7 epsilon = 1.886 e10 The result that i got of Cd was: I think it's wrong, because it greatly increases the value of Cd in time Is that correct? Did i enter either the values of k and epsilon? thank you. Last edited by danielcebrian; April 29, 2011 at 07:06. 

June 7, 2011, 14:59 

#2 
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Daniel Cebrián
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could someone answer me please? I've been trying for months to find out how
adjust the parameters k and epsilon. Thanks. 

June 7, 2011, 21:31 

#3 
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Vigfús Arnar Jósefsson
Join Date: Nov 2009
Location: Reykjavik
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Hey,
First I want to ask, are you calculating the coefficients yourself from the forces or are you using the forceCoeffs tool to get them? If you are using the latter, are you sure that everything is defined as it should be? Concerning the exact kinetic turbulent energy and dissipation values, their order of magnitude should be in the range of 10^4 or lower. Can you please give me a reference for the drag coefficients for an inclined plate? Thank you. 

June 8, 2011, 07:10 

#4 
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Daniel Cebrián
Join Date: Nov 2010
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Hi Vigfús,
I am calculating the aerodynamic coefficients for myself, but I compared the results with OpenFOAM tool, and have obtained the same results, so I guess the fault is not the way to get Cd and Cl. I think my problem may be to not use a proper value of k epsilon. When I change these values and put those that come by default in the OpenFOAM tutorial, as is the case of incompressible/pisoFoam/ras/cavity, the results change significantly. For example the cavity use: k=0.00325 epsilon=0.000765 If I use these values in my example, the problem converges, but I don´t get the desired values of Cd and Cl according to the literature that it must be: Cl = 3.02 Cd = 1.76 And I get: Cl=2.5 Cd=1.45 Thank you very much for answering, Sincerely. 

June 8, 2011, 07:30 

#5 
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Vigfús Arnar Jósefsson
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Location: Reykjavik
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You said that Cd and Cl were not constant with time, you should see some vortex shedding? There should be fluctuation in the coefficients, have you simulated for longer time? Is your flow in the laminar or turbulent regime?


June 8, 2011, 10:19 

#6 
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Daniel Cebrián
Join Date: Nov 2010
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I'm doing the simulations with turbulent flow, so I am using RAS model with k and epsilon. The flow is turbulent Reynold's 10 ^ 4.
The Cd and Cf are average values. In the figure below, you can see from the shaft and the value of Cd, and the xaxis the number of iterations. For this I used the RAS method, but the model kepsilon, and RNGkepsilon. Why is there such a difference using one method or another?. The CD comes kepsilon means = 1.5 The CD means RNGkepsilon = 1.7 I used to both k and epsilon values that came in the tutorial for the case of cavity. I do not know if this would go well and if for any case of flat plate 

June 10, 2011, 13:30 
hi

#7 
Member

Hi daniel
I think you choose a wrong turbulence model to calculate Cl and Cd values. i think you should simulate the tubulence properties near the wall(surface of flat plate) so better use KW model. if you still want to continue with ke then he is my suggestion. i think you forgot the tubulent intensity(I) to multiply and take inlet velocity as U. and calulate tubulent kinetic energy using the below formulae K= 1.5 (U*U*I*I) then you get k value more than 1 similarly calculate Epsilon that you will get more than 1000. then reload you case. All the best 

June 13, 2011, 10:29 

#8 
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Daniel Cebrián
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Hi Kiran,
I used the turbulent intensity of 0.05, for kepsilon, because I used the same formula k = 1.5 U · U · I · I = 1.5 · 0.01 · 0.01 · 0.05 · 0.05=3.75e7, but you made me think I should use the model komega, the problem is I don´t know what values should be put to k and omega. In the model komega could I use the same equation for kepsilon?: k=1,5 ·U·U·I·I And omega? Thank you very much, Sincerely. 

June 16, 2011, 07:51 

#9 
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Daniel Cebrián
Join Date: Nov 2010
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Hi Kiran,
I've been trying to simulate the case with komega, but I could not because he always showed me error when simulating. I upload the case to the next link because I do not know what wrong, if you can help. http://www.megaupload.com/?d=QWN8M7NI I used the following input values: U=0.2921m/s Leght flatplate=1m Re=2000 kinematic viscosity=1.46E05 m^2/s Thus calculated the following values: I(turbulent intensity)=13,3% k=3/2*U*U*I*I=2.26E03 omega=k/kinematic_viscosity=155 Thanks in advance. Sincerely. 

October 20, 2012, 07:58 

#10 
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Francisco
Join Date: Mar 2012
Location: Spain
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Hi Danielcebrian
I'm trying to solve a similar case and I'm facing similar problems. Did you get to resolve it? Which turbulence model did you use and which boundary conditions? What are your literature references? Thanks a lot. Regards. 

November 13, 2014, 16:47 

#11 
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mert kara
Join Date: Aug 2014
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Hi,
I am trying to run kepsilon case for flat plate with pimpleFoam solver in openfoam. Can anyone tell me the importance of the turbulent length scale. It looks like openFoam is very sensitive. thank you Last edited by mertg; November 13, 2014 at 22:34. 

Tags 
flat plate, k epsilon, turbulent 
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