# Turbulence dissipation rate

(Redirected from Turbulence dissipation)

Turbulence dissipation, $\epsilon$ is the rate at which turbulence kinetic energy is converted into thermal internal energy. The SI unit of $\epsilon$ is $J / kg s = m^2 / s^3$.

$\epsilon \, \equiv \, \nu \overline{\frac{\partial u_i'}{\partial x_k}\frac{\partial u_i'}{\partial x_k}}$

For compressible flows the definition is most often slightly different:

$\epsilon \, \equiv \, \frac{1}{\overline{\rho}} \overline{\tau_{ij} \frac{\partial u_i''}{\partial x_j}}$

Where the viscous stress, $\tau_{ij}$, using Stokes law for mono-atomic gases, is given by:

$\tau_{ij} = 2 \mu S^*_{ij}$

where

$S^*_{ij} \equiv \frac{1}{2} \left( \frac{\partial u_i}{\partial x_j} + \frac{\partial u_j}{\partial x_i} \right) - \frac{1}{3} \frac{\partial u_k}{\partial x_k} \delta_{ij}$