# Dimensional Analysis question

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 February 7, 2010, 09:18 Dimensional Analysis question #1 Senior Member   Join Date: Jul 2009 Posts: 245 Rep Power: 10 Hi there, Flow over a weir in an open rectangular channel is given by the relationship:$Q=\phi(H,V,g,B)$ where: Q is the flowrate (m^3/s), B width of the weir (m), Hthe height of the water above the weir(m), V the mean velocity of water (m/s), g gravity (m/s^2) Would you help me find a relationship between Q and these variables please? I keep getting really stuck because I know the equation is actually: $Q=KB\sqrt{\dfrac{2}{3g}}(H+\dfrac{v^2}{2})^{3/2}$

 February 7, 2010, 17:28 #2 Super Moderator   Glenn Horrocks Join Date: Mar 2009 Location: Sydney, Australia Posts: 12,832 Rep Power: 100 The forum cannot render latex. You will have to insert images of the equations. But I can't see your point. You just stated the equation so why do you need to find the relationship? Is there something wrong with the equation you stated? These questions are best answered by you in your work anyway as they are specific to your work.

February 8, 2010, 09:19
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 Originally Posted by ghorrocks The forum cannot render latex. You will have to insert images of the equations. But I can't see your point. You just stated the equation so why do you need to find the relationship? Is there something wrong with the equation you stated? These questions are best answered by you in your work anyway as they are specific to your work.
I'm demonstrating the usefulness of weirs to undergraduates and would like to be able to show the relationship between flow rate and head height can be deduced through dimensional analysis. What I'd like the students then to do is carry out an experiment to find the constants of proportionality and the exponents. Thing is I can't seem to prove it myself. Do you see what I'm after?

February 8, 2010, 18:15
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Glenn Horrocks
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 Do you see what I'm after?
I do not see what you are after yet. Do you want to so a series of simulations at various head heights, obtain the flow rates and then use the dimensional analysis relationship to curve fit the constants and exponents?

February 9, 2010, 06:59
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 Originally Posted by ghorrocks I do not see what you are after yet. Do you want to so a series of simulations at various head heights, obtain the flow rates and then use the dimensional analysis relationship to curve fit the constants and exponents?
Thank you for making it concise and simple . Yes that is what I'd like to accomplish. The exercise in doing the simulations and calculating the line of best fit and hence coefficients and exponents is pretty straight forward. What I'm having trouble with at the moment is actually finding the relationship (à priori) between the variables by means of dimensional analysis to get them started. Does that make more sense?

Best regards,
kingjewel1

 February 9, 2010, 07:41 #6 Super Moderator   Glenn Horrocks Join Date: Mar 2009 Location: Sydney, Australia Posts: 12,832 Rep Power: 100 So your question is about dimensional analysis, not CFD. Here's how I would do it: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buckingham_%CF%80_theorem

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