# structured mesh for external aerodynamics

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January 31, 2014, 23:29
structured mesh for external aerodynamics
#1
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Ryan Lai
Join Date: Jan 2014
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hi.. im doing my final year project related to aerodynamic analysis of a solar car.

I'm facing a problem in preparing a structured mesh in 3D with certain y+ value. im using ANSYS meshing in Workbench... i failed to obtain a good quality mesh.. can anyone share some technique with me or some tutorial? Thanks
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 360???????20140201113313.jpg (84.3 KB, 59 views)

 February 1, 2014, 05:13 #2 Senior Member   lore Join Date: Mar 2010 Location: Italy Posts: 463 Rep Power: 9 What is your car shape? Are you sure you want to do a structured mesh?

February 1, 2014, 09:01
#3
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Ryan Lai
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the car body has airfoil shape..

my supervisor asked me to do a structured mesh since want to examine the boundary layer near the body..

below shows the overall shape
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 360???????20140201205730.jpg (11.4 KB, 47 views)

 February 1, 2014, 09:58 #4 Senior Member   lore Join Date: Mar 2010 Location: Italy Posts: 463 Rep Power: 9 Are you sure that eh wants you to make a "structured" mesh? It'll probably be impossible with your geometry IMHO...

 February 1, 2014, 10:28 #5 New Member   Ryan Lai Join Date: Jan 2014 Posts: 10 Rep Power: 3 may i knw why it is impossible to do structured mesh? if can't do structured mesh, is there any other method can be used to define the mesh which are around the boundary layer? thx..

 February 1, 2014, 11:07 #6 Senior Member   lore Join Date: Mar 2010 Location: Italy Posts: 463 Rep Power: 9 Have a look here for the definition of a structured mesh: Difference between structured & unstructured mesh As long as your geometry is simple, it is fairly easy to build one. In your case you may want to do a regular unstructured mesh with different refinement regions around important parts of the car such as a spoiler for instance. Besides, as your professor suggested, you may also want to refine the region of the boundary layer Ryan0531 likes this.

 February 2, 2014, 01:25 #7 New Member   Ryan Lai Join Date: Jan 2014 Posts: 10 Rep Power: 3 thanks for reply... so by refining the mesh near boundary layer is good enough to catch the flow pattern?? can we detect the y+ value for an unstructured mesh? when i check the y+ value, what is the procedure actually? do i need to check surface by surface or just select the all domain? sorry cos got too much problem to ask here... since im new to cfd..thx again

 February 2, 2014, 06:20 #8 Senior Member   lore Join Date: Mar 2010 Location: Italy Posts: 463 Rep Power: 9 Yes, you need to refine in your boundary layer regions. Usually, with NS codes what is done is to create "layers" there, as you can see in this picture (purple region of the mesh): Then you can use the height of the layer closest to your surface to calculate the y+ value. The y+ is a local characteristic of your mesh and resulting flow, which mean that you need to check it in the regions of interest, so, yes, surface by surface but again, only where you think your boundary layer height prediction is important.

February 2, 2014, 23:05
#9
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Ryan Lai
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Thanks for clear explanation.

I had done the unstructured mesh + refinement around the car body + inflation layer.. is this more that enough for my case?

i checked my mesh quality using skewness.. it shows that the max skewness is 0.999995, which is more than 0.95.. is this means that i need to repair my mesh? or i can just carry on to solving?

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 February 3, 2014, 03:50 #10 New Member   Josh Join Date: Jun 2013 Posts: 12 Rep Power: 4 I'm not sure whether your thesis will require a lengthy literature review, but these solar cars are a fairly popular at universities around the world so there should be a bit in the literature about validation of CFD around similar geometries. These should get you headed down the right path, and with a bit of luck they might explain the logic behind their mesh generation.

 February 3, 2014, 04:41 #11 New Member   Ryan Lai Join Date: Jan 2014 Posts: 10 Rep Power: 3 Since it is popular, almost all university keep it confidential.. i failed to find any papers that related to its aerodynamic analysis.. somemore, i need to finish this cfd analysis cos still need to conduct wind tunnel test.. lack of time actually.. So.. need opinions from experienced cfd guys..

 February 3, 2014, 05:35 #12 New Member   Josh Join Date: Jun 2013 Posts: 12 Rep Power: 4 Well I'm probably not what you'd classify as experienced and you've provided no details on your case, but that near-wall boundary looks too coarse to "analyse the boundary layer..".

 February 3, 2014, 08:49 #13 New Member   Ryan Lai Join Date: Jan 2014 Posts: 10 Rep Power: 3 okay.. then what should i do to refine those mesh again??

 February 3, 2014, 14:26 #14 Senior Member   lore Join Date: Mar 2010 Location: Italy Posts: 463 Rep Power: 9 Also, you don't have any refinement in the wake…

 February 4, 2014, 06:15 #15 New Member   Ryan Lai Join Date: Jan 2014 Posts: 10 Rep Power: 3 current meshing at wake region still not fine enough???

February 4, 2014, 07:50
#16
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lore
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Quote:
 Originally Posted by Ryan0531 current meshing at wake region still not fine enough???

Nope... But that is only one of the problems... Making the mesh setup usually takes some time, it is not just a matter of 5 minutes...

 February 4, 2014, 22:04 #17 New Member   Ryan Lai Join Date: Jan 2014 Posts: 10 Rep Power: 3 ok.. Thanks for the advices..

 February 6, 2014, 02:55 #18 Member   Sam Join Date: Mar 2009 Posts: 32 Rep Power: 8 Hi This is a mesh from GridPro. https://www.dropbox.com/sc/abqj04fi9ntn2ht/gQMtQ9HLxX Best Sam

 Tags external aerodynamics, mesh 3d

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