|November 12, 2014, 02:18||
Problem with suspended sediment concentration (scour model)
Join Date: Jun 2014
Posts: 24Rep Power: 4
Another question arised during the last weeks of workng with FLOW-3D (v11).
I have a very simple geometry, a straight rectangular channel with a constant bed slope of 0.0127 (=1.27%, quite steep). The width is 4 m, the flow depth is h = 0.4 m, Froude Fr = 2, mean velocity u = 3.96 m/s, hydraulic roughness ks = 0.002 m and discharge Q = 6.34 m3/s. It is a steady-state situation with uniform flow conditions. Turbulence model: RNG
I "added" an suspended sediment concentration at the boundary condition Xmin: particle diameter 0.00045 m(= 0.45 mm), 1 kg/m3. As I am already working on the problem soon described, I already disabled some parameters of the sediment scour model which should not be needed for my case. Richardson-Zaki = 0, Bed Load Coefficient = 0. Drag and entrainment coefficient stayed = 1 (default), density of particles = 2650 kg/m3.
Investigating the flow condition described above, the sediments should stay in suspension and should in no way settle. Now, please have a look at the attached picture (it is the channel from the side, showing the first 40 m; shown is the suspended sediment concentration in a range from 0 to 1 kg/m3). The question is: Why are sediments settling (linearly)? They should be kept in suspension or picked up due to the high flow velocities and turbulence. I already changed parameters like diameter, entrainment and drag coefficient. It changed the results slightly, but they should not be calibration parameters, right?
I would appreciate your help!
|November 17, 2014, 13:00||
Join Date: Apr 2010
Posts: 204Rep Power: 9
The Richardson-Zaki Coefficient Multiplier should be 1, not 0. It multiplies the Richardson-Zaki coefficient, which is a power in the R-Z equation. That equation controls drag and therefore relative separation velocity between particles and liquid. I think you have made the settling velocity very high by setting the multiplier = 0. Try it with 1. Also, since you are using RNG turbulence, make the 'maximum turbulent mixing length' TLEN = 10% of the depth of the flow. The 'dynamic option' is not theoretically reliable for sediment/water mixtures. Do these two changes fix the result?
|Thread||Thread Starter||Forum||Replies||Last Post|
|Overflow Error in Multiphase Modelling with Two Continuous Fluids||ashtonJ||CFX||6||August 11, 2014 14:32|
|Air-lift model with hot gases and water. Time step problem.||PauliusRap||FLOW-3D||0||August 4, 2014 04:47|
|Turbulence model for mixing problem???||nileshjrane||Main CFD Forum||7||September 14, 2010 04:57|
|Turbulence model for mixing problem||nileshjrane||OpenFOAM Running, Solving & CFD||1||September 7, 2010 17:48|
|problem with MFR model for multiphase mixing tanks||Srinivas||Main CFD Forum||1||November 7, 2005 15:16|