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Old   May 26, 2020, 22:13
Question Turbulence model
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Hey guys. I'm writing a paper on two-phase air-water flow simulation in a vertical pipe using Ansys Fluent. The objectives of my work are to compare numerical results with experimental data (pressure loss along the pipe and the flow void fraction) and see if the flow pattern in the simulation matches the prediction of a flow pattern map.

I decided that i will use the VOF model for the simulation, since it allows me to see the flow pattern, but now i'm unceartain about the turbulence models.
A lot of papers on the subject uses the standard k-episilon model.

I have done some research about the models standard k-epsilon, realizable k-epsilon, standard k-omega and SST k-omega and learned that they have advantages and disadvantages near and far from the wall. I also learned that they have differences depending on high or low reynolds number (my Reynolds number is about 16000).

Do you guys know wich turbulence model would be best for my air-water simulation in a vertical pipe? i've read so many papers, but i'm still very confused.

PS: In a turbulent flow what is considered a low Reynolds number or a high Reynolds number?
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Old   May 27, 2020, 05:05
Default Turbulence Model
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It won't matter much, you can use k-\varepsilon. The term low and high Re number in reference to turbulence models refer to local Re in the flow. Closer to boundaries, Re is always low, hence, low-Re models are more accurate, such as, k-\omega, while away from the boundaries, k-\varepsilon is more appropriate. Looking at your objective, k-\varepsilon is better.
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Old   May 30, 2020, 17:59
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Quote:
Originally Posted by vinerm View Post
It won't matter much, you can use k-\varepsilon. The term low and high Re number in reference to turbulence models refer to local Re in the flow. Closer to boundaries, Re is always low, hence, low-Re models are more accurate, such as, k-\omega, while away from the boundaries, k-\varepsilon is more appropriate. Looking at your objective, k-\varepsilon is better.
Thank you very much for the answer Vinerm! Could you explain why for my case the k-epsilon is better?
Best regards.

Last edited by Mr.Mister; May 30, 2020 at 18:03. Reason: I forgot to ask why the model is better for my case.
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Old   May 31, 2020, 06:54
Default Flow Structure
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k-\varepsilon is better suited for your case due to two reasons

1. The interest lies in what is happening away from the walls.
2. Since flow is the core is of more importance, you can use coarser mesh at the walls and use standard-wall-function.
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