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3D melting problem with natural convection

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Old   March 11, 2013, 11:58
Default 3D melting problem with natural convection
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Hello fluent users,
my3D geometry consists of a steel pipe which is surrounded by a pcm (phase change material). The boundary condition of the inner pipe wall is convection with heat transfer coefficient and free steam temperature. The free steam temperature is above the pcm melting temperature. So the pcm should melt. There is also gravity. Thus I expect natural convection.
When the melting process starts on the interface between the steel pipe and the pcm, it happens in longitudinal oriented lines (see the picture). It does not melt uniform over the whole surface. After a few time steps the calculation dos not converge anymore.
My settings are:
All surfaces of the pcm are symmetrie. All properties of the pcm are a function of temperature (written in a UDF). I use Simple scheme, standard pressure discretization and the under relaxations factors are set by default. When i lower the relaxations factors, i have the same problem. Timesteps are 2 second. I also tried a much smaller time step (0,02s), but I did not work either.
What do I have to do to make the melting process going??
Thank you for your answers!!!
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File Type: jpg pcm_melting.JPG (28.6 KB, 38 views)
File Type: jpg pcm_melting_residuals.JPG (35.2 KB, 33 views)
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Old   March 12, 2013, 03:21
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Please can anybody help me!
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Old   January 16, 2014, 12:50
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you are considering the flow equation in your model, the pcm has high viscosity compared to water, the dominant heat transfer mode is conduction and not convection, how did you model the density?
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convergence problem, pcm, solidification/melting

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