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No Vortex shedding for flow past cylinder

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Old   December 27, 2016, 01:23
Default No Vortex shedding for flow past cylinder
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I am trying to simulate a 2D case for flow past cylinder. I have taken the diameter of cylinder as 1m. The case has been set up for a Re=80 at which the flow should exhibit vortex shedding. I get perfect vortex shedding results when I use the Viscous-Laminar Turbulence model but any other model does not yield in vortex shedding. I have fine mesh near the wall for getting refined results. I do understand that k-epsilon and k-omega models are not able to show the shedding as they do not solve near wall flows accurately. But I think I should get vortex shedding results by using SST-k-Omega, but it is not so.
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Old   December 27, 2016, 02:13
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Originally Posted by shashanktiwari619 View Post
I am trying to simulate a 2D case for flow past cylinder. I have taken the diameter of cylinder as 1m. The case has been set up for a Re=80 at which the flow should exhibit vortex shedding. I get perfect vortex shedding results when I use the Viscous-Laminar Turbulence model but any other model does not yield in vortex shedding. I have fine mesh near the wall for getting refined results. I do understand that k-epsilon and k-omega models are not able to show the shedding as they do not solve near wall flows accurately. But I think I should get vortex shedding results by using SST-k-Omega, but it is not so.
You have laminar flow. Why do you want to use turbulence models?
Moreover, eddy viscosity turbulence models model all turbulent scales and can give you only average info.

Use laminar model and transient solver to get realistic results.
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Old   December 27, 2016, 03:33
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I am not able to understand that at Re=80 how the flow can still be laminar if the vortex shedding has already begun?
Is it that just because the axisymmetric wake is still intact at this Re range and the shedding occurs periodically at regular intervals the flow is still laminar?

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Old   December 27, 2016, 04:24
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Quote:
Originally Posted by shashanktiwari619 View Post
I am not able to understand that at Re=80 how the flow can still be laminar if the vortex shedding has already begun?
Is it that just because the axisymmetric wake is still intact at this Re range and the shedding occurs periodically at regular intervals the flow is still laminar?

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Based on your Re you should have laminar vortex shedding with laminar (von Karman) vortex street.

Vortex shedding may be laminar with formation of laminar vortex street and turbulent with formation of turbulent wake.
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Old   December 27, 2016, 12:02
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Quote:
Originally Posted by shashanktiwari619 View Post
I am not able to understand that at Re=80 how the flow can still be laminar if the vortex shedding has already begun?
Is it that just because the axisymmetric wake is still intact at this Re range and the shedding occurs periodically at regular intervals the flow is still laminar?

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Both laminar and turbulence flows can exhibit vortex shedding which is typically an inviscid instability. Do not confuse the presence of vortices with turbulence. Inviscid vortex shedding occurs at discrete frequencies (i.e. coherent & periodic) whereas turbulence is broadband (i.e. decoherent and chaotic). Turbulence is a flow state in which all the frequencies are unstable.

If the flow is laminar use the laminar flow model and not a turbulence model. Unsteady simulations using laminar or turbulence models can capture inviscid vortex shedding.
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Old   December 28, 2016, 02:38
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Are you using a mesh that is symmetric about the centerline? I've found this same problem when using a symmetric mesh with a uniform velocity inlet condition. The way that I solved it was to introduce a perturbation in the inlet velocity condition. Using OpenFOAM, this would be a small velocity in +y that would only last for a short time (again, using OpenFOAM this was accomplished with the "ramp" function). As an example, this would be changing the inlet velocity condition from u={u_inf, 0} for a 2-D case to u={u_inf, 1} from time=0.5 seconds to time=1 seconds. After introducing this perturbation in the y-direction, you would again change the velocity inlet boundary condition to u={u_inf, 0} (I.e. you would again only have a horizontal component of velocity).

As mentioned previously, you shouldn't need a turbulence model for Re=80 since this is laminar flow. The problem might be that you have a symmetric mesh and you need a perturbation to introduce the vortex street behind your cylinder.

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Old   December 28, 2016, 04:22
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Quote:
Originally Posted by shashanktiwari619 View Post
I am trying to simulate a 2D case for flow past cylinder. I have taken the diameter of cylinder as 1m. The case has been set up for a Re=80 at which the flow should exhibit vortex shedding. I get perfect vortex shedding results when I use the Viscous-Laminar Turbulence model but any other model does not yield in vortex shedding. I have fine mesh near the wall for getting refined results. I do understand that k-epsilon and k-omega models are not able to show the shedding as they do not solve near wall flows accurately. But I think I should get vortex shedding results by using SST-k-Omega, but it is not so.
I have already done this simulation.
Firstly, please using laminar model
Secondly, run transient and wait very long time. The last time I have the same problem. However if I run enough time, they will have fluctuations and vortex


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Old   December 28, 2016, 09:35
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Thanks @Antanas for pointing the difference between laminar and turbulent vortex shedding w.r.t Re. I ran the simulations again this time for a higher Re (Re=350) using laminar-viscous as well as other turbulence models. Even at this range laminar-viscous model does show vortex shedding which can be easily differentiated as compared to that which was obtained at Re=80. Also for this range the turbulence models SST-k-omega, Scale Adaptive Simulation and the Transition SST Model do predict the turbulent vortex shedding however in case of SST-komega the values of Drag Coefficient which I obtain are really vague (around 24 whereas at Re=350 it should be around 1.3 which I do obtain using other turbulence models). The other problem is using RSM model I am unable to get the turbulent vortices, RSM not being an eddy viscosity model should be able to predict the shedding but it is not so!!
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