# Fluctuating velocities during iterations in Fluent

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August 29, 2018, 09:43
Fluctuating velocities during iterations in Fluent
#1
New Member

Ujjwal Mohanty
Join Date: Mar 2018
Posts: 18
Rep Power: 8
Hi,

I am trying to simulate a flow over an equilateral triangle in 2D. I generated the mesh using ICEM with a minimum quality of 0.98.

To define a Reynolds Number = 40, I used the following data:

Density =1; Viscosity = 1; Height = 2 (Under reference values tab : Area=2, Length = 2); Velocity = 20m/s.
Convergence criteria for momentum, x velocity and y velocity : 1e-11.

Even after 30000+ iterations, the momentum, x- velocity, y-velocity is fluctuating.
Could anyone please tell me whether this means that there is something wrong with the problem setup? If yes, what could it be?
Attached Images
 Variations.JPG (56.9 KB, 12 views)

 August 29, 2018, 12:20 #2 Senior Member   Lucky Join Date: Apr 2011 Location: Orlando, FL USA Posts: 5,672 Rep Power: 65 I hope you realize you are looking at residuals and not the actual velocities. Of course there will be fluctuations, nothing in the code prevents them from fluctuating. But hopefully it is a bounded asymptotic convergence, meaning they fluctuate less than some threshold. It seems your threshold of 1e-11 was too ambitious and you obtained instead 1e-06 and 1e-07 for x and y momentum equations. Is it a problem? It depends how picky you are. The result is the result. If the result is not good enough then you need to do something. In you case I see you have outputted lift and drag coefficients and you notice these also fluctuate at some level. If this fluctuation is too much for you then you can worry about it. ujjwalmohanty likes this.

August 29, 2018, 13:50
#3
New Member

Ujjwal Mohanty
Join Date: Mar 2018
Posts: 18
Rep Power: 8
Quote:
 Originally Posted by LuckyTran I hope you realize you are looking at residuals and not the actual velocities. Of course there will be fluctuations, nothing in the code prevents them from fluctuating. But hopefully it is a bounded asymptotic convergence, meaning they fluctuate less than some threshold. It seems your threshold of 1e-11 was too ambitious and you obtained instead 1e-06 and 1e-07 for x and y momentum equations. Is it a problem? It depends how picky you are. The result is the result. If the result is not good enough then you need to do something. In you case I see you have outputted lift and drag coefficients and you notice these also fluctuate at some level. If this fluctuation is too much for you then you can worry about it.

Thanks LuckyTran for your inputs. Yes I know those are the residuals. I didn't put it the right way. Sorry for that.

For the residuals I am getting a straight line at 1e-07.
And yes, the Cd does fluctuate but only the fourth decimal place.

Thank you.

 Tags convergence, flow analysis, fluent

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