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Drag modification UDF

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Old   September 26, 2023, 11:07
Default Drag modification UDF
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Roy
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Hello everyone,
I am trying to simulate a gas-liquid stirred tank. I am using a Grace drag model, for the modification, I dont want to use Brucato model, but I want to define a UDF based on another model. I know that I need to use the DEFINE_EXCHANGE_PROPERTY macro. The formula I would like to use can be defined as :

C_D_modified= modification_coefficient* C_D
* C_D being the drag coefficient that is already being calculated by the Grace model.

My issue is that I don't know how to call the drag coefficient that FLUENT is already calculating through the Grace model. I searched the UDF manual and was not able to find any macro for this. I found a code online which redefines the drag coefficient within the modification. So, I ended up writing the UDF below:


# include "udf.h"

#define sigma= 0.072;
#define mu_ref=0.0009;
#define C_exp=0;

DEFINE_EXCHANGE_PROPERTY(lane_drag_mod, cell, mixture_thread, scnd_clmn, frst_clmn)

{
Thread *thread_f, *thread_g;
real x-vel-f, x-vel-g, y-vel-f, y-vel-g, z-vel-f, z-vel-g;*
real rho_f, rho_g, mu_f,g;
real eps_f, k_f;
real tau_b, int_t;
real stk, m_coeff;
real Eo, Mo, Re, Hfac, Jfac, C_Dsph, C_Dcap, C_Delip:
real C_D, C_Dmod;

thread_f = THREAD_SUB_THREAD(mix_thread, scnd_clmn); * * /* liquid phase */
thread_g = THREAD_SUB_THREAD(mix_thread, f_col); * */* gas phase*/

/* ===================find phase velocities in all spatial directions================*/
x_vel_f = C_U(cell, thread_f);
y_vel_f = C_V(cell, thread_f);
z_vel_f = C_W(cell, thread_f);
x_vel_g = C_U(cell, thread_g);
y_vel_g = C_V(cell, thread_g);
z_vel_g = C_W(cell, thread_g);

/* ====================compute velocitiy differences=================================*/
slip_x = x_vel_g - x_vel_f;
slip_y = y_vel_g - y_vel_f;
slip_z = z_vel_g - z_vel_f;
abs_v = sqrt(slip_x*slip_x + slip_y*slip_y + slip_z*slip_z);

/*=====================finding the properties of gas and liquid======================*/

rho_f = C_R(cell, thread_f);
rho_g = C_R(cell, thread_g);
mu_f = C_MU_L(cell, thread_f);
k_f= C_K(cell, thread_f);
eps_f= C_D(cell, threaf_f);
g= NV_MAG(M-gravity);
diam = C_PHASE_DIAMETER(cell, thread_g);
void_g = C_VOF(cell, thread_g);

/*================calculating bubble relaxation time and the integral time===========*/
tau_b=rho_g*diam*diam/18./mu_g;
int_t=0.135*k_f/eps_f;

/*===================calculating modification coefficient============================*/
stk=tau_b/int_t;
m_coeff= powf((1 - 1.4 * powf(stk,0.7) * exp(-0.6 * stk)),-2.0)

/*=======================Grace drag model defining==================================*/
Eo= (g * (rho_f - rho_g) * diam * diam)/ sigma;
Mo= (powf(mu_f,4) * g * (rho_f - rho_g))/(powf(rho_f,2) * powf(sigma,3);
Re= (rho_f * abs_v * diam)/ mu_f;
Hfac= 4/3 * Eo * powf (Mo,-0.149) * powf (mu_f/mu_ref, -0.14);

if (2<Hfac<=59.3)
{
Jfac= 0.94 * powf(Hfac,0.757);
}
else if (Hfac>59.3)
{
Jfac= 3.42 * powf(Hfac,0.441);
}

U_ter=(mu_f/(rho_f * diam)) * powf(Mo,-0.149) * (Jfac-0.857);

if (Re<0.01)
{
C_Dsph=24/Re;
}
else if (Re=>0.01)
{
C_Dsph=24*(1+0.15*powf(Re,0.687))/Re;
}

C_Dcap=8/3.;

C_Delip=(4*g*diam*(rho_f-rho_g))/(3*powf(U_ter,2)*rho_f);

C_D=powf(void_g,C_exp)*max(min(C_Delip,C_Dcap),C_D sph);
/*==========================Calculating modified drag===============================*/
C_Dmod=m_coeff*C_D;

return C_Dmod
}

Now, can anyone tell me if this is corect?
Also, looking at the Theory guide, I can see that the interphase Exchange coefficient (K_pq) is dependent on the drag coefficient. Should I also embed that within the code?*
I appreciate any help you can give me. I am really stuck with this and no one can help me.

Many thanks,Roya
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