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Power in water turbine

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Old   February 17, 2010, 22:07
Default Power in water turbine
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I have modelled a water turbine in Rhinoceros and meshed it to sufficient smoothness in ICEM CFD and then imported to Fluent. The boundary conditions are as in the attachment.

In addition, the following BC's are used.

1. Velocity Inlet - at inlet
2. Outflow - at outlet

The simulation is run in Fluent 12.0 in a moving reference frame using k-omega model(SST) and a copled solver. The inputs are velocity at inlet in absolute frame, angular velocity in moving reference frame. Inlet velocity is taken as uniform flow.As estimating angular velocity is difficult for a turbine, I have taken different Tip Speed Ratio (TSR) and then calculated the angular velocties by using a constant flow velocity.

I have taken moment about z axis(flow direction), and about orgin which is the origin of the turbine(Report>Result Reports>Forces>Moments). This moment multiplied with the angular velocity x 3 times(for three blades in periodicity) should give the extracted power.

As seen in experimental studies, the power coefficient increases with TSR, reaches a maximum and them starts to decrease. Unfortunately, the curve I am gettin is quite different. It is increasing with larger TSR's. I have tried with TSR upto 8.

I am perplexed why this is happening. Any suggestions?


Zaqie Reza
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Old   March 1, 2010, 13:48
Default Torque to high?
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I have a similar problem. Is your Fluent predicted torque higher or lower than you would expect? In my case I am getting a much higher torque than expected.

Is there anyone out there who could give us a hint?

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Old   March 2, 2010, 18:05
Default Mesh quality- turbine
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I think good results depend on the mesh quality. Check your mesh sqewness.

I am trying to block and do meshing. Let me see where it takes me.

Also see the link


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moment, periodic boundary, power, tip speed ratio, water turbine

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