# mass fraction of species

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 June 30, 2011, 06:33 mass fraction of species #1 Senior Member   Join Date: Feb 2011 Posts: 140 Rep Power: 15 Hello everybody, I have got a understanding problem concerning the mass fraction of a species in a mixture at Fluent. I looked up the definition of mass fraction for the case of Fluent: “Mass fraction of species-n (in the Species... category) is the mass of a species per unit mass of the mixture (e.g., kg of species in 1 kg of the mixture).” I have a geometry with one inlet and two outlets. According to the definition of mass fraction I expected the mass fraction at the inlet to be the sum of the mass fraction at the two outlets, but unfortunately my results differ from that expectance: In my case the mass fraction of the inlet and the mass fraction of each outlet are equal (that means the sum of the mass fraction of the outlets is twice as large as the mass fraction at the inlet). I am really confused! Can somebody help me to understand this? Thanks a million in advance! Lilly

 June 30, 2011, 13:16 #2 Senior Member   Micael Join Date: Mar 2009 Location: Canada Posts: 156 Rep Power: 18 You expect that the mass going in is the same as the mass going out. This is correct, but it is wrong to expect the mass fraction at the inlet to be the sum of the mass fraction at the outlets. It could be totally normal that they equal, as you experience. Look further into the concept of mass fraction, you will understand. --- edit: I mean: ...the mass going in... (corrected) Last edited by Micael; July 5, 2011 at 17:31.

 July 4, 2011, 08:14 #3 Member   Byron Smith R J Join Date: Mar 2009 Location: India Posts: 46 Rep Power: 17 hai Mass fraction in a steady, unreacting flow is independent of quantity. for example if you pass air through inlet and the mass flow rate is divided into two at the outlet, the mass fractions of oxygen and nitrogen remain same both at inlet and outlet. mass fractions change only when reactions or additional species inlets are induced in the flow. then mass fractions are calculated using the species transport equations. hope it helps in clearing your doubt

 July 25, 2011, 05:00 #4 Senior Member   Join Date: Feb 2011 Posts: 140 Rep Power: 15 Thank you Micael and byronsmith for your help (and sorry for the late reply)! I thought about what you were writing and I finally found my error in reasoning. Thanks a million!

 December 9, 2017, 00:29 Only one spcies pass through boundary in species transport #5 New Member   Myo Min Zaw Join Date: Jul 2017 Posts: 1 Rep Power: 0 Hi, I have some difficulties with species transport boundary condition. I have two species in the mixture and I set up the inlet velocity for my mixture with mass fraction. I have two outlets. One is only one of the species can pass through like membrane. The other one is pressure outlet. Both species can pass through. For the membrane, when I set up mass flow outlet, both of the species pass through. I want only one species to pass through. I have diffusion terms, so I can't use multi-phase. Could anyone please me with this? Thanks Myo

 March 13, 2022, 17:52 #6 New Member   Yousra Join Date: Mar 2022 Posts: 1 Rep Power: 0 hi I have a problem in my work I need to add the mass fraction of CO2 NH3 and water vapor but the problem is that I have the flow rate of them and I don't know how can I change them to mass fraction to add them in the boundary conditions by species. please tell me if you have any idea abut this parte. Thank you