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July 8, 2013, 05:03 
aerofoil problem

#1 
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TPRPR1
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hi
i recently picked up an aerofoil from http://www.airfoiltools.com/ and the plots(cl,cd vs alpha ....) are all provided in the website. i noticed it says the data was acquired at mach=0 Ncit=9 this is the case for all the aerofoils. does any1 know what this means? thank you. 

July 10, 2013, 07:58 

#2 
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C
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the graphs that you see in that website is generated using XFOIL which is a vortex panel method code, and Ma=0 is for inviscid flow simulation. Ncrit determines the turbulence level, that is, if Ncrit is 1, too much disturbance is present in the flow. Ncrit 9 is standard and very commonly used.


July 10, 2013, 08:10 
thanks for the reply

#3 
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TPRPR1
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thanks for the reply.i am new to cfd .i recently meshed an aerofoil from the site and solved it in fluent.For Re=e^6 under sea level conditions the velocity would be around 15m/s so mach number will be around 0.04.i assumed thats y it says mach=0


July 10, 2013, 08:14 

#4 
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C
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XFOIL is generally used for quick calculations of aerodynamic coefficients, so most of the time, Ma=0 condition is enough for getting a quick idea about the behavior of the airfoil. I havent tried setting the Ma to lets say 0.5, but i dont think XFOIL can solve it anyways. Re is the dominant input imo.


July 10, 2013, 09:50 

#6 
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TPRPR1
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thanks for the replies guys.but i am curious about the Ncrit .any ideas where i can read more about that?


July 10, 2013, 10:16 

#7 
Senior Member

Ncrit is critical number in e^N theory (the disturbance in linearized bl equations grows e^N times before passing to turbulence). Read xfoil manual:
situation Ncrit   sailplane 1214 motorglider 1113 clean wind tunnel 1012 average wind tunnel 9 <= standard "e^9 method" dirty wind tunnel 48 The conection between Ncrit and turbulence energy level is as follows: N_crit=8.432.4*ln(Tu%/100%) Truffaldino Edit: Take a look e.g. at "the e^N method for transition prediction. Historical review ..." http://www.google.fr/url?sa=t&rct=j&...p_WbFgEKBaNFeg or Mark Drela article about principles of xfoil (they have very simplified version of this method) Last edited by truffaldino; July 10, 2013 at 10:34. Reason: addition 

July 10, 2013, 11:02 

#8 
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C
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depending on the grid quality and the turbulence model... at low Re numbers, XFOIL results may be better. but thats only because of the turbulence model; since laminar to turbulent transition may occur at low Re numbers and turbulence models may not capture it. kw SST transition is formulated by Menter for this purpose.


November 19, 2013, 12:50 

#9 
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Hey, I've just a small question.
I'm simulating flow around an NACA4412 airfoil in Fluent. I use the komega SST model. To compare my results with experimental data I'd like to knwo which "nCrit" Fluent uses when I use all the default values or where I can find this information? When defining the BC, I specify for the inlet the Turbulence with "intensity and viscosity ratio" and use the default values "turbulent intensity 5%" and "turbulent viscosity rate 10"... Thanks for your replies 

November 19, 2013, 13:14 

#10 
Senior Member

Fluent does not use Ncrit as it uses turbulence models. Ncrit is used in boundary layer methods as in xfoil which is based on different and, in this case, more reliable (than fluent models) principles.
For connection between turbulent kinetic energy and Ncrit read post number 7 above and see references therein It is necessary distinguis the three different things 1) Cfd turbulence models for Navier Stokes (fluent komega, kepsilon etc) 2) Viscous inviscid interaction boundary layer models (eg as in Xfoil,l where Ncrit appears) 3) experimental data 

November 20, 2013, 00:56 
tutorial for Gambit2.3 and 2.4

#11 
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ok
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dear friends can I have the tutorial for Gambit2.3 and 2.4 plz send a pdf to my mail rnjt_rnjt@yahoo.com


April 12, 2014, 23:28 
wind load on parabolic trough

#12 
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bassem
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hi there,
I need some help of you expertes . I am studying wind load on a parabolic solar concentrator at certain angles using Fluent. I choose to start with the 2D simulation in order to evalate the drag and lift coefficient. I have some troubles : 1. I don't find a logical drag coefficient value. It seems related to the references values. How can I set up those values in my case ? 2. If the 2D simulation is sufficient to find a good results ? Thank you for advance Bassem 

April 14, 2014, 18:17 

#13 
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DaveyBaby
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What turbulence model are you using?


April 15, 2014, 00:32 

#14 
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bassem
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kepsilon model. But I am using now a steady case.


November 10, 2016, 12:44 

#15 
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Weidong Dai
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Hi guys, could anyone tell me how to change the value for Ncrit in XFoil? Could Ncrit be negative? Thank you .


November 14, 2016, 13:49 

#16 
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asdfad
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Load your airfoil in XFOIL. Type OPER. TYPE VPAR. TYPE N <insert the value for N>.
n must be a number larger than 0 and can't be too close to 0 either or XFOIL will not converge. Small values for n mean very turbulent flow. Large numbers mean very laminar flow. 

December 21, 2016, 12:38 

#17  
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Weidong Dai
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Quote:
Thank you for your information. I just wonder how could we calculate Ncrit? The turbulence level of wind tunnel in my case is around 3%. Then I put into N = −8.43 − 2.4 ln(T). I got around 1.67. So in my case Ncrit is 1.67? That looks quite small. I am not sure if it is right. At the beginning, I thought the Ncrit is related to the turbulence level at transition point, but now, I use the turbulence level of free stream to calculate Ncrit. I am not sure which turbulence level I should use for this equation. Cheers Regards Weidong Dai 

December 23, 2016, 21:11 

#18  
Senior Member

Quote:
The turbulence level at which linear (e^N) theory ceases to be valid is about 1%. For instance, NACA wind low turbulence tunnel has Tu = 0.1%, Delft tunnel 0.6% and for gliders Tu is about .014% (data taken from http://www.google.fr/url?sa=t&rct=j&...p_WbFgEKBaNFeg pp 3940) 

December 27, 2016, 09:11 

#19  
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Weidong Dai
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Quote:


January 23, 2018, 02:32 

#20 
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RAKESH KUMAR
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Hi,
i am simulate a model of Darrieus turbine with 3 helical blade using airfoil profile of NACA 4415 in Ansys CFX. I want to calculate torque of turbine with respect to angle of rotation. Also want to calculate lift coefficient and drag coefficient vs angle of attack. Please any help me... 

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