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Oscillating residuals. Is it okay?

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Old   September 19, 2020, 07:04
Post Oscillating residuals. Is it okay?
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Ana
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Hi,

I am running some simulations on a car with strong boundary separation and wake. I have realized that I don't get smooth residuals convergence. I know it may be normal if there are strong turbulences, but still, I think it is oscillating a lot, especially when I run a refined mesh. I have attached some pictures. What do you think?? is there any numerical frame (maximum and minimum) the residuals should always keep within?? I understand that the smoother the residuals, the better (less error) the results, right?
Attached Images
File Type: jpg case 1.jpg (94.4 KB, 12 views)
File Type: jpg case 1.2.jpg (148.9 KB, 17 views)
File Type: jpg v2 case1 segragated.jpg (132.7 KB, 13 views)
File Type: jpg v2 case1 couple.jpg (156.1 KB, 12 views)
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Old   September 19, 2020, 07:26
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in the second one the fluctuation is too much but rest of them look normal for starccm (looks like this is what you used).
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Old   September 19, 2020, 08:02
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Hi Arjun,

the second one is the one with the refined mesh. What can it be due to?? may it have any effect to use couple solver instead of segregated?? it is a steady incompressible simulation
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Old   September 19, 2020, 08:41
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Ana Herrero View Post
Hi Arjun,

the second one is the one with the refined mesh. What can it be due to?? may it have any effect to use couple solver instead of segregated?? it is a steady incompressible simulation



It is bascially the turbulence model trying to diverge and solver trying to bring it back.



There are few things you can do. First put the under-relaxation for viscosity and momentum down. Third check the maximum viscosity ratio and it bring it to the values that make more sense.



I would just stop the simulation when it was doing good and check the viscosity ratio. Then i would just set the maximum viscosity ratio to 100 times of that.
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Old   September 19, 2020, 11:45
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Hi Ana,

I think you should switch to an unsteady scale-resolving simulation, DES or Dynamic LES. The residuals will come down once you switch to unsteady. I wouldn't trust steady or unsteady RANS for simulating the wake behind a vehicle.
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Old   September 19, 2020, 14:13
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There is no physical meaning in an oscillating residual. Someone thinks that it could be seen as an unsteady effect due to the physics of the problem (turbulence). No. First, one should consider an unsteady statistical formulation (URANS) but this is flawed if not associated to a full 3D approach.
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Old   September 19, 2020, 14:36
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okay, I am going to give both options a try (redefined the viscosity ratio and run in unsteady. Should I keep the coupled solver (Automatic CFL control) or the segregated would be better?
with implicit unsteady, K-omega SST, time step 0.001 and 2nd order discretization. Does that set up sounds good??
I always thought that a steady simulation with a correct st up was perfectly capable of capturing the turbulences in an aero run.
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