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Engine simulation (seeking help with method to use)

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Old   April 6, 1999, 03:31
Default Engine simulation (seeking help with method to use)
Geoff Rathbun
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I am wanting to model the thermodynamics of a Stirling engine. This can give quite accurate results by just doing a single dimensional simulation in time. There is no need to do a 3-D analysis. I am wondering how to approach the problem. It seems that CFD technology would work well as the simulation needs to account for:

1. fluid compressibility 2. variable heat exchange with walls 3. flow friction 4. time

These can all be adequately modelled using a single axis approach. Can anyone help me with finding an appropriate theory and code to do this job?

thanks in advance .....Geoff Rathbun (New Zealand)
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Old   April 6, 1999, 05:53
Default Re: Engine simulation (seeking help with method to use)
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If I understand what you wish to do correctly (slightly confused by "single axis approach"), you probably want to look at "filling and emptying" methods rather than "CFD" - it is hard to do something sensible with the vector momentum equation unless the flow is predominantly in an "axial" direction. There is a lot of literature on the subject (mainly from the 70s and 80s) with a wide range of supporting empirical formulae for parts of the engine like ports and valves.

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Old   April 6, 1999, 18:17
Default Re: Engine simulation (seeking help with method to use)
Glenn Horrocks
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Hi Geoff and Andy,

What you are asking sounds a little like some work I did a few years back. Here's a reference I found very useful in my work:

"The thermodynamics and gas dynamics of internal-combustion engines" by Rowland S. Benson ; Edited by J.H. Horlock and D.E. Winterbone (1982)

It's a 2 volume book. The first volume looks at the Method of Characteristics (and has an example code), and the second volume looks at more advanced topics such as the "Filling and Emptying" method.

Hope it helps, Glenn
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Old   April 7, 1999, 23:12
Default Re: Engine simulation (seeking help with method to use)
Tom Wanat
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I work for a company, Gamma Technologies, that makes a commercial engine simulation code, which is a one-dimensional code. Check out our website at

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Old   April 13, 1999, 14:19
Default Re: Engine simulation (seeking help with method to use)
Anil Shenoy
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Hi Geoff,

Please check out the following book:


I think it has the information you need.

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