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Old   January 18, 2005, 17:43
Default Evaporation of droplet
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Dear, Is it possible to calculate "analytically-or semi" the evaporation of a water droplet carried by steam. I would like to get a rough estimate of time before the droplet is evaporated and the diameter as function of time. I assume everything constant for the steam. I know I can just start a CFD calculation for finding the solution, but I would like to get an idea and a feeling with the problem before just doing some calculations Thank in advance Jan
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Old   January 18, 2005, 18:00
Default Re: Evaporation of droplet
Dr Strangelove
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Your entire problem will depend on the relative humidity of the atmosphere surrounding your droplet.

Secondly, on the temperature of the droplet and its relative velocity to the ambient.

Look up the heat transfer coefficient for spheres. Using that information and the latent heat of evaporization and the initial size of the droplet you should be able to get a rough idea of how long it will take for your droplet to disappear.
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Old   January 19, 2005, 02:46
Default Re: Evaporation of droplet
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Hi Jan,

I vaguely remember a similar problem was presented and its solution discussed in detail in an old textbook by Spalding. It might be difficult to obtain it, though.

Spalding, Dudley Brian, Combustion and mass transfer : a textbook with multiple-choice exercises for engineering students, Oxford, Pergamon, 1979

Good luck, Rami

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Old   January 19, 2005, 11:39
Default Re: Evaporation of droplet
Chris Bailey
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Droplet evaporation is a special and weird thing because the equilibration of humidity and evaporation / condensation at the droplet surface is a function of the curvature of the surface. That's why clouds are supersaturated. Since the curvature can also be negative, in a fine capillary, that's also why physical sorbents like silica gel work as dehumidifiers. This is called the "Kelvin effect". You can read about it in the book "Aerosol Technology" by W. C. Hinds. There are experts in the subject at the University of Minnesota, dep't of Mechanical Engineering, the aerosol science group of Dr. Ben Liu. Small droplets evaporate much faster than CFD would predict - if they are small enough they almost explode as they evaporate.
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Old   January 26, 2005, 02:59
Default Re: Evaporation of droplet
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Thankyou very much for all the valuable input. I do not understand the concern about the relative humidity. I want to evaporate water droplets in superheated steam, so I cant figure why the humidity is important.

Anyway I tried the suggestion from Dr. Strangelove and it results in timescales of the right decade, for a start that is sufficient, but I will try to investigate this further.

"I am a bit plesaed that it is difficult, it was a pain for me that I could not solve it"

Thanks Jan
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Old   October 1, 2018, 04:14
Default Water evaporation rate in water spray system
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hamed.shf is on a distinguished road
I am working on spray cooling system via fluent. I want to check water evaporation rate in my results. I want to know that what percent of water droplets are evaporated but I dont know how to check. Would you please inform me?
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